SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aasamaa, K. & Sõber, A. (2011) Responses of stomatal conductance to simultaneous changes in two environmental factors. Tree Physiology, 31, 855864.
  • Allen, C.D., Macalady, A.K., Chenchouni, H., Bachelet, D., McDowell, N., Vennetier, M. et al. (2010) A global overview of drought and heat-induced tree mortality reveals emerging climate change risks for forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 259, 660684.
  • Alvarez-Uria, P. & Körner, C. (2011) Fine root traits in adult trees of evergreen and deciduous taxa from low and high elevation in the Alps. Alpine Botany, 121, 107112.
  • Appenzeller, C., Bey, I., Croci-Maspoli, M., Fuhrer, J., Knutti, R., Kull, C. & Schaer, C. (2011) Swiss Climate Change Scenarios CH2011. C2SM, MeteoSwiss, ETH Zurich, NCCR Climate and OcCC, Zurich.
  • von Arx, G., Dobbertin, M. & Rebetez, M. (2012a) Detecting and correcting sensor drifts in long-term weather data. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185, 44834489.
  • von Arx, G., Dobbertin, M. & Rebetez, M. (2012b) Spatio-temporal effects of forest canopy on understory microclimate in a long-term experiment in Switzerland. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 116–167, 144155.
  • Aussenac, G. (2000) Interactions between forest stands and microclimate: ecophysiological aspects and consequences for silviculture. Annals of Forest Science, 57, 287301.
  • Baldocchi, D.D. & Collineau, S. (1994) The physical nature of solar radiation in heterogeneous canopies: spatial and temporal attributes. Exploitation of Environmental Heterogeneity by Plants: Ecophysiological Processes Above and Belowground (eds M.M. Caldwell & R.W. Pearcy), pp. 2172. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
  • Breshears, D.D., Rich, P.M., Barnes, F.J. & Campbell, K. (1997) Overstory-imposed heterogeneity in solar radiation and soil moisture in a semiarid woodland. Ecological Applications, 7, 12011215.
  • Carnicer, J., Coll, M., Ninyerola, M., Pons, X., Sanchez, G. & Penuelas, J. (2011) Widespread crown condition decline, food web disruption, and amplified tree mortality with increased climate change-type drought. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108, 14741478.
  • Castro, J., Zamora, R., Hódar, J.A. & Gómez, J.M. (2004) Seedling establishment of a boreal tree species (Pinus sylvestris) at its southernmost distribution limit: consequences of being in a marginal Mediterranean habitat. Journal of Ecology, 92, 266277.
  • Chen, J.Q., Franklin, J.F. & Spies, T.A. (1993) Contrasting microclimates among clear-cut, edge, and interior of old-growth Douglas-fir forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 63, 219237.
  • Chen, J.Q., Franklin, J.F. & Spies, T.A. (1995) Growing-season microclimatic gradients from clearcut edges into old-growth Douglas-fir forests. Ecological Applications, 5, 7486.
  • Chen, J.Q., Saunders, S.C., Crow, T.R., Naiman, R.J., Brosofske, K.D., Mroz, G.D., Brookshire, B.L. & Franklin, J.F. (1999) Microclimate in forest ecosystem and landscape ecology - Variations in local climate can be used to monitor and compare the effects of different management regimes. BioScience, 49, 288297.
  • Chmura, D.J., Anderson, P.D., Howe, G.T., Harrington, C.A., Halofsky, J.E., Peterson, D.L., Shaw, D.C. & St Clair, J.B. (2011) Forest responses to climate change in the northwestern United States: ecophysiological foundations for adaptive management. Forest Ecology and Management, 261, 11211142.
  • Classen, A.T., Norby, R.J., Campany, C.E., Sides, K.E. & Weltzin, J.F. (2010) Climate change alters seedling emergence and establishment in an old-field ecosystem. PLoS ONE, 5, 18.
  • Closa, I., Irigoyen, J.J. & Goicoechea, N. (2010) Microclimatic conditions determined by stem density influence leaf anatomy and leaf physiology of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) growing within stands that naturally regenerate from clear-cutting. Trees-Structure and Function, 24, 10291043.
  • Crunkilton, D.D., Pallardy, S.G. & Garrett, H.E. (1992) Water relations and gas exchange of northern red oak seedlings planted in a central Missouri clearcut and shelterwood. Forest Ecology and Management, 53, 117129.
  • Daniels, L.D., Maertens, T.B., Stan, A.B., McCloskey, S.P.J., Cochrane, J.D. & Gray, R.W. (2011) Direct and indirect impacts of climate change on forests: three case studies from British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology-Revue Canadienne De Phytopathologie, 33, 108116.
  • Davies-Colley, R.J., Payne, G.W. & van Elswijk, M. (2000) Microclimate gradients across a forest edge. New Zealand Journal of Ecology, 24, 111121.
  • Deng, Q., Zhou, G., Liu, J., Liu, S., Duan, H. & Zhang, D. (2010) Responses of soil respiration to elevated carbon dioxide and nitrogen addition in young subtropical forest ecosystems in China. Biogeosciences, 7, 315328.
  • Eckelmann, W. (2006) Bodenkundliche Kartieranleitung. 5. Verbesserte und Erweiterte Auflage [“Pedological Mapping Guidelines. 5th Improved and Extended Edition”]. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart.
  • Ellenberg, H. (1986) Vegetation Mitteleuropas mit den Alpen in Ökologischer Sicht [“Vegetation of Central Europe and the Alps From an Ecological Perspective”]. Ulmer, Stuttgart.
  • FAO (1988) FAO/Unesco Soil Map of the World, Revised Legend, With Corrections and Updates. World Soil Resources Report 60. Reprinted with updates as Technical Paper 20, ISRIC, Wageningen 1997. FAO, Rome.
  • Ferranti, L. & Viterbo, P. (2006) The European summer of 2003: sensitivity to soil water initial conditions. Journal of Climate, 19, 36593680.
  • Ferrez, J., Davison, A.C. & Rebetez, M. (2011) Extreme temperature analysis under forest cover compared to an open field. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 151, 9921001.
  • Fischer, E.M., Seneviratne, S.I., Vidale, P.L., Luthi, D. & Schar, C. (2007) Soil moisture - Atmosphere interactions during the 2003 European summer heat wave. Journal of Climate, 20, 50815099.
  • Geiger, R., Aron, R.H. & Todhunter, P. (2009) The Climate Near the Ground. Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MD.
  • George, L.O. & Bazzaz, F.A. (2003) The herbaceous layer as a filter determining spatial pattern in forest tree regeneration. The Herbaceous Layer in Forests of Eastern North America (eds F.S. Gilliam & M.R. Roberts), pp. 265282. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Gilliam, F.S. & Roberts, M.R. (2003) Interactions between the herbaceous layer and overstory canopy of eastern forests. The Herbaceous Layer in Forests of Eastern North America (eds F.S. Gilliam & M.R. Roberts), pp. 198223. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Grimmond, C.S.B., Robeson, S.M. & Schoof, J.T. (2000) Spatial variability of micro-climatic conditions within a mid-latitude deciduous forest. Climate Research, 15, 137149.
  • Harper, J.L. & White, J. (1974) The demography of plants. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 5, 419463.
  • Heithecker, T.D. & Halpern, C.B. (2007) Edge-related gradients in microclimate in forest aggregates following structural retention harvests in western Washington. Forest Ecology and Management, 248, 163173.
  • Hirschi, M., Seneviratne, S.I., Alexandrov, V., Boberg, F., Boroneant, C., Christensen, O.B., Formayer, H., Orlowsky, B. & Stepanek, P. (2011) Observational evidence for soil-moisture impact on hot extremes in southeastern Europe. Nature Geosciences, 4, 1721.
  • Innes, J.L. (1995) Theoretical and practical criteria for the selection of ecosystem monitoring plots in Swiss forests. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 36, 271294.
  • IPCC (2007) Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Summary for Policymakers. IPCC, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
  • Jaeger, E. & Seneviratne, S. (2011) Impact of soil moisture–atmosphere coupling on European climate extremes and trends in a regional climate model. Climate Dynamics, 36, 19191939.
  • Jansson, P.E. & Karlberg, L. (2004) Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer Model for Soil-Plant-Atmosphere Systems. Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.
  • Kramer, J.P. & Boyer, J.S. (1995) Water Relations of Plants and Soils. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
  • Kupper, P., Sõber, J., Sellin, A., Lõhmus, K., Tullus, A., Räim, O., Lubenets, K., Tulva, I., Uri, V., Zobel, M., Kull, O. & Sõber, A. (2011) An experimental facility for free air humidity manipulation (FAHM) can alter water flux through deciduous tree canopy. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 72, 432438.
  • Ladjal, M., Deloche, N., Huc, R. & Ducrey, M. (2007) Effects of soil and air drought on growth, plant water status and leaf gas exchange in three Mediterranean cedar species: Cedrus atlantica, C. brevifolia and C. libani. Trees – Structure and Function, 21, 201213.
  • Lendzion, J. & Leuschner, C. (2008) Growth of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) saplings is limited by elevated atmospheric vapour pressure deficits. Forest Ecology and Management, 256, 648655.
  • Leuschner, C. (2002) Air humidity as an ecological factor for woodland herbs: leaf water status, nutrient uptake, leaf anatomy, and productivity of eight species grown at low or high vpd levels. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, 197, 262274.
  • Lloret, F., Penuelas, J. & Estiarte, M. (2005) Effects of vegetation canopy and climate on seedling establishment in Mediterranean shrubland. Journal of Vegetation Science, 16, 6776.
  • Lloret, F., Penuelas, J., Prieto, P., Llorens, L. & Estiarte, M. (2009) Plant community changes induced by experimental climate change: seedling and adult species composition. Perspectives in Plant Ecology Evolution and Systematics, 11, 5363.
  • Lloyd, J. & Taylor, J.A. (1994) On the temperature dependence of soil respiration. Functional Ecology, 8, 315323.
  • Ma, S.Y., Concilio, A., Oakley, B., North, M. & Chen, J.Q. (2010) Spatial variability in microclimate in a mixed-conifer forest before and after thinning and burning treatments. Forest Ecology and Management, 259, 904915.
  • Maier-Maercker, U. (1998) Dynamics of change in stomatal response and water status of Picea abies during a persistent drought period: a contribution to the traditional view of plant water relations. Tree Physiology, 18, 211222.
  • Marshall, J.D. & Waring, R.H. (1984) Conifers and broadleaf species: stomatal sensitivity differs in western Oregon. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 14, 905908.
  • Mattson, W.J. & Haack, R.A. (1987) The role of drought in outbreaks of plant-eating insects. BioScience, 37, 110118.
  • Mellander, P.-E., Bishop, K. & Lundmark, T. (2004) The influence of soil temperature on transpiration: a plot scale manipulation in a young Scots pine stand. Forest Ecology and Management, 195, 1528.
  • Menzel, A., Sparks, T.H., Estrella, N., Koch, E., Aasa, A., Ahas, R. et al. (2006) European phenological response to climate change matches the warming pattern. Global Change Biology, 12, 19691976.
  • Meyer, C.L., Sisk, T.D. & Covington, W.W. (2001) Microclimatic changes induced by ecological restoration of ponderosa pine forests in northern Arizona. Restoration Ecology, 9, 443452.
  • Mitscherlich, G. (1981) Waldklima und Wasserhaushalt [“Forest Climate and Water Relations”]. Sauerländer, Frankfurt am Main.
  • Monnier, Y., Prevosto, B., Ripert, C., Corbani, A.C. & Fernandez, C. (2012) Forest microhabitats differentially influence seedling phenology of two co-existing Mediterranean oak species. Journal of Vegetation Science, 23, 260270.
  • Monteith, J. & Unsworth, M. (2008) Principles of Environmental Physics. Academic Press, Burlington, MA.
  • Morecroft, M.D., Taylor, M.E. & Oliver, H.R. (1998) Air and soil microclimates of deciduous woodland compared to an open site. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 90, 141156.
  • Neufeld, H.S. & Young, D.R. (2003) Ecophysiology of the herbaceous layer in temperate deciduous forests. The Herbaceous Layer in Forests of Eastern North America (eds F.S. Gilliam & M.R. Roberts), pp. 3890. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Ogle, K., Lucas, R.W., Bentley, L.P., Cable, J.M., Barron-Gafford, G.A., Griffith, A. et al. (2012) Differential daytime and night-time stomatal behavior in plants from North American deserts. New Phytologist, 194, 464476.
  • Peck, J.E., Zenner, E.K. & Palik, B. (2012) Variation in microclimate and early growth of planted pines under dispersed and aggregated overstory retention in mature managed red pine in Minnesota. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere, 42, 279290.
  • Plamboeck, A.H., North, M. & Dawson, T.E. (2008) Conifer seedling survival under closed-canopy and manzanita patches in the Sierra Nevada. Madrono, 55, 191201.
  • Porte, A., Huard, F. & Dreyfus, P. (2004) Microclimate beneath pine plantation, semi-mature pine plantation and mixed broadleaved-pine forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 126, 175182.
  • R Development Core Team (2010) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Development Core Team, Vienna, Austria.
  • Raich, J. & Tufekciogul, A. (2000) Vegetation and soil respiration: correlations and controls. Biogeochemistry, 48, 7190.
  • Raspe, S., Beuker, E., Preuhsler, T., Bastrup-Birk, A., Raspe, S., Bastrup-Birk, A. et al. (2013) Meteorology. Forest Monitoring. Methods for Terrestrial Investigations in Europe With an Overview of North America and Asia (eds M. Ferretti & R. Fischer), pp. 319336. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
  • Renaud, V. & Rebetez, M. (2009) Comparison between open-site and below-canopy climatic conditions in Switzerland during the exceptionally hot summer of 2003. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 149, 873880.
  • Renaud, V., Innes, J.L., Dobbertin, M. & Rebetez, M. (2011) Comparison between open-site and below-canopy climatic conditions in Switzerland for different types of forests over 10 years (1998−2007). Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 105, 119127.
  • Richter, S., Kipfer, T., Wohlgemuth, T., Calderón Guerrero, C., Ghazoul, J. & Moser, B. (2012) Phenotypic plasticity facilitates resistance to climate change in a highly variable environment. Oecologia, 169, 269279.
  • Rood, S.B., Patiño, S., Coombs, K. & Tyree, M.T. (2000) Branch sacrifice: cavitation-associated drought adaptation of riparian cottonwoods. Trees - Structure and Function, 14, 248257.
  • Scharenbroch, B.C. & Bockheim, J.G. (2007) Impacts of forest gaps on soil properties and processes in old growth northern hardwood-hemlock forests. Plant and Soil, 294, 219233.
  • Schleppi, P., Thimonier, A. & Walthert, L. (2011) Estimating leaf area index of mature temperate forests using regressions on site and vegetation data. Forest Ecology and Management, 261, 601610.
  • Seidling, W., Ziche, D. & Beck, W. (2012) Climate responses and interrelations of stem increment and crown transparency in Norway spruce, Scots pine, and common beech. Forest Ecology and Management, 284, 196204.
  • Seneviratne, S.I., Luthi, D., Litschi, M. & Schar, C. (2006) Land-atmosphere coupling and climate change in Europe. Nature, 443, 205209.
  • Suggitt, A.J., Gillingham, P.K., Hill, J.K., Huntley, B., Kunin, W.E., Roy, D.B. & Thomas, C.D. (2011) Habitat microclimates drive fine-scale variation in extreme temperatures. Oikos, 120, 18.
  • Teepe, R., Dilling, H. & Beese, F. (2003) Estimating water retention curves of forest soils from soil texture and bulk density. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science-Zeitschrift Fur Pflanzenernahrung Und Bodenkunde, 166, 111119.
  • Tetens, O. (1930) Ueber einige meteorologische Begriffe [“About some meteorological terms”]. Journal of Geophysics, 6, 297309.
  • Thimonier, A., Sedivy, I. & Schleppi, P. (2010) Estimating leaf area index in different types of mature forest stands in Switzerland: a comparison of methods. European Journal of Forest Research, 129, 543562.
  • Thimonier, A., Kull, P., Keller, W., Moser, B. & Wohlgemuth, T. (2011) Ground vegetation monitoring in Swiss forests: comparison of survey methods and implications for trend assessments. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 174, 4763.
  • Vanwalleghem, T. & Meentemeyer, R.K. (2009) Predicting Forest Microclimate in Heterogeneous Landscapes. Ecosystems, 12, 11581172.
  • Walthert, L., Blaser, P., Lüscher, P., Luster, J. & Zimmermann, S. (2003) Langfristige Waldökosystem-Forschung LWF in der Schweiz. Kernprojekt Bodenmatrix. Ergebnisse der Ersten Erhebung 1994-1999 [“Long-Term Forest Ecosystem Research LWF in Switzerland. Core Project Soil Matrix. Results of the First Survey 1994–1999”]. Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL, Zurich.
  • Wertin, T.M., McGuire, M.A. & Teskey, R.O. (2012) Effects of predicted future and current atmospheric temperature and [CO2] and high and low soil moisture on gas exchange and growth of Pinus taeda seedlings at cool and warm sites in the species range. Tree Physiology, 32, 847858.
  • Wicklein, H.F., Christopher, D., Carter, M.E. & Smith, B.H. (2012) Edge effects on sapling characteristics and microclimate in a small temperate deciduous forest fragment. Natural Areas Journal, 32, 110116.
  • WMO (2008) Guide to Meteorological Instruments and Methods of Observation, Appendix 4B. WMO-No. 8 (CIMO Guide). WMO, Geneva.
  • Wu, S.H., Jansson, P.-E. & Kolari, P. (2012) The role of air and soil temperature in the seasonality of photosynthesis and transpiration in a boreal Scots pine ecosystem. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 156, 85103.