jec12140-sup-0001-DataS1.xlsapplication/msexcel38KData S1. Markov chains used to simulate different management strategies in stochastic models.

Appendix S1. Estimating life expectancy in constant environments using stage duration matrix.

Appendix S2. Method to estimate return times to high harvest using stage duration matrix N.

Appendix S3. Building megamatrix m, which combines population and environment dynamics.

Appendix S4. Age at first reproduction in constant and stochastic environments.

Appendix S5. Method to calculate the sensitivity of life expectancy to perturbation of vital rates.

Data S2. Khaya senegalensis vital rates in two ecological regions and three harvesting intensity.

Figure S1. Sensitivity of stage-specific life expectancies to perturbation of matrix elements.

Figure S2: Elasticity of population growth rate to perturbation of lower-level vital rates.

jec12140-sup-0003-AppendixS6.Rtext/r53KAppendix S6. R script to estimate life-history parameters in constant or stochastic environments.

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