SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Adler, P.B., Dalgleish, H.J. & Ellner, S.P. (2012) Forecasting plant community impacts of climate variability and change: when do competitive interactions matter. Journal of Ecology, 100, 478487.
  • Adler, P.B., Ellner, S.P. & Levine, J.M. (2010) Coexistence of perennial plants: an embarrassment of niches. Ecology Letters, 13, 10191029.
  • Adler, P.B., Tyburczy, W.R. & Lauenroth, W.K. (2007) Long-term mapped quadrats from Kansas prairie: a unique source of demographic information for herbaceous plants. Ecology, 88, 2673.
  • Anderson, J., McClaran, M.P. & Adler, P.B. (2012) Cover and density of semi-desert grassland plants in permanent quadrats mapped from 1915 to 1947. Ecology, 93, 1492.
  • Anderson, J., Vermeire, L. & Adler, P.B. (2011) Fourteen years of mapped, permanent quadrats in a northern mixed prairie, USA. Ecology, 92, 1703.
  • Bjørnstad, O.N. & Hansen, T.F. (1994) Individual variation and population dynamics. Oikos, 69, 167171.
  • Brooks, S.P. & Gelman, A. (1998) General methods for monitoring convergence of iterative simulations. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics, 7, 434455.
  • Burnham, K.P. & Anderson, D.R. (2002) Model Selection and Multimodel Inference: A Practical-Theoretical Approach. Springer-Verlag, New Work, NY.
  • Caswell, H. (2001) Matrix Population Models: Construction, Analysis, and Interpretation. Sinauer Associates Inc, Sunderland, MA.
  • Caswell, H. (2012) Matrix models and sensitivity analysis of populations classified by age and stage: a vec-permutation matrix approach. Theoretical Ecology, 5, 403417.
  • Childs, D.Z., Rees, M., Rose, K.E., Grubb, P.J. & Ellner, S.P. (2003) Evolution of complex flowering strategies: an age- and size-structured integral projection model. Proceedings. Biological Sciences/The Royal Society, 270, 18291838.
  • Childs, D.Z., Rees, M., Rose, K.E., Grubb, P.J. & Ellner, S.P. (2004) Evolution of size-dependent flowering in a variable environment: construction and analysis of a stochastic integral projection model. Proceedings. Biological Sciences/The Royal Society, 271, 425434.
  • Chu, C., Havstad, K.M., Kaplan, N., Lauenroth, W.K., McClaran, M.P., Peters, D.P., Vermeire, L.T. & Adler, P.B. (2013) Life form influences survivorship patterns for 109 herbaceous perennials from six semi-arid ecosystems. Journal of Vegetation Science, doi: 10.1111/jvs.12106.
  • Cochran, M.E. & Ellner, S.P. (1992) Simple methods for calculating age-based life history parameters for stage-structured populations. Ecological Monographs, 62, 345364.
  • Colchero, F. & Clark, J.S. (2012) Bayesian inference on age-specific survival for censored and truncated data. Journal of Animal Ecology, 81, 139149.
  • Coulson, T., Tuljapurkar, S. & Childs, D.Z. (2010) Using evolutionary demography to link life history theory, quantitative genetics and population ecology. Journal of Animal Ecology, 79, 12261240.
  • Crone, E.E., Menges, E.S., Ellis, M.M., Bell, T., Bierzychudek, P., Ehrlén, J. et al. (2011) How do plant ecologists use matrix population models? Ecology Letters, 14, 18.
  • Dahlgren, J.P., García, M.B. & Ehrlén, J. (2011) Nonlinear relationships between vital rates and state variables in demographic models. Ecology, 92, 11811187.
  • Dalgleish, H.J., Moffet, C.A., Koons, D.N., Hooten, M.B. & Adler, P.B. (2011) Climate influences the population dynamics of three dominant sagebrush steppe plants. Ecology, 92, 7585.
  • Doak, D. & Morris, W.F. (2010) Demographic compensation and tipping points in climate-induced range shifts. Nature, 467, 959962.
  • Easterling, M.R., Ellner, S.P. & Dixon, P.M. (2000) Size-specific sensitivity: applying a new structured population model. Ecology, 81, 694708.
  • Ehrlén, J. & Lehtilä, K. (2002) How perennials are perennial plants? Oikos, 98, 308322.
  • Ellner, S.P. & Rees, M. (2006) Integral projection models for species with complex demography. The American Naturalist, 167, 410428.
  • Fair, J., Lauenroth, W.K. & Coffin, D.P. (1999) Demography of Bouteloua gracilis in a mixed prairie: analysis of genets and individuals. Journal of Ecology, 87, 233243.
  • Fox, G.A., Kendall, B.E., Fitzpatrick, J.W. & Woolfenden, G.E. (2006) Consequences of heterogeneity in survival probability in a population of Florida scrub-jays. Journal of Animal Ecology, 75, 921927.
  • García, M.B., Dahlgren, J.P. & Ehrlén, J. (2011) No evidence of senescence in a 300-year-old mountain herb. Journal of Ecology, 99, 14241430.
  • Gibbens, R.P. & Beck, R.F. (1988) Changes in grass basal area and forb densities over a 64-year period on grassland types of the Jornada Experimental Range. Journal of Range Management, 41, 186192.
  • Gotelli, N.J. & Ellison, A.M. (2006) Forecasting extinction risk with nonstationary matrix models. Ecological Applications, 16, 5161.
  • Hanzawa, F.M. & Kalisz, S. (1993) The relationship between age, size, and reproduction in Trillium grandiflorum (Liliaceae). American Journal of Botany, 80, 405410.
  • He, F. & Hubbell, S.P. (2011) Species-area relationships always overestimate extinction rates from habitat loss. Nature, 473, 368371.
  • Hill, R.R. (1920) Charting quadrats with a pantograph. Ecology, 1, 270273.
  • Kaplan, E.L. & Meier, P. (1958) Nonparametric estimation from incomplete observations. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 53, 457481.
  • Karlsson, P.S. & Jacobson, A. (2001) Onset of reproduction in Rhododendron lapponicum shoots: the effect of shoot size, age, and nutrient status at two subarctic sites. Oikos, 94, 279286.
  • Kendall, B.E., Fox, G.A., Fujiwara, M. & Nogeire, T.M. (2011) Demographic heterogeneity, cohort selection, and population growth. Ecology, 92, 19851993.
  • Kirkpatrick, M. (1984) Demographic models based on size, not age, for organisms with indeterminate growth. Ecology, 65, 18741884.
  • Lauenroth, W.K. & Adler, P.B. (2008) Demography of perennial grassland plants: survival, life expectancy and life span. Journal of Ecology, 96, 10231032.
  • Lunn, D.J., Thomas, A., Best, N. & Spiegelhalter, D. (2000) WinBUGS – a Bayesian modelling framework: concepts, structure, and extensibility. Statistics and Computing, 10, 325337.
  • Menges, E. (2000) Population viability analyses in plants: challenges and opportunities. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 15, 5156.
  • Metcalf, C.J.E., Horvitz, C.C., Tuljapurkar, S. & Clark, D.A. (2009) A time to grow and a time to die: a new way to analyze the dynamics of size, light, age, and death of tropical trees. Ecology, 90, 27662778.
  • Morris, W.F. & Doak, D. (1998) Life history of the long-lived gynodioecious cushio plant Silene acaulis (Caryophyllaceae) inferred from size-based population projection matrices. American Journal of Botany, 85, 784793.
  • Morris, W.F. & Doak, D. (2002) Quantitative Conservation Biology: Theory and Practice of Population Viability Analysis. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA, USA.
  • Pinder, J.E. III, Wiener, J.G. & Smith, M.H. (1978) The Weibull distribution: a new method of summarizing survivorship data. Ecology, 59, 175179.
  • R Development Core Team (2012) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. ISBN 3-900051-07-0, URL http://www.R-project.org/.
  • Roach, D.A. (2003) Age-specific demography in Plantago: variation among cohorts in a natural plant population. Ecology, 84, 749756.
  • Roach, D.A. & Gampe, J. (2004) Age-specific demography in Plantago: uncovering age-dependent mortality in a natural population. The American Naturalist, 164, 6069.
  • Rose, K.E., Rees, M. & Grubb, P.J. (2002) Evolution in the real world: stochastic variation and the determinants of fitness in Carlina vulgaris. Evolution, 56, 14161430.
  • Salguero-Gómez, R. & Casper, B.B. (2010) Keeping plant shrinkage in the demographic loop. Journal of Ecology, 98, 312323.
  • Salguero-Gómez, R. & De Kroon, H. (2010) Matrix projection models meet variation in the real world. Journal of Ecology, 98, 250254.
  • Sharpe, F.R. & Lotka, A.J. (1911) A problem in age-distribution. Philosophical Magazine, 21, 435438.
  • Silvertown, J., Franco, M. & Perez-ishiwara, R. (2001) Evolution of senescence in iteroparous perennial plants. Evolutionary Ecology, 3, 393412.
  • Stover, J.P., Kendall, B.E. & Fox, G.A. (2012) Demographic heterogeneity impacts density-dependent population dynamics. Theoretical Ecology, 5, 297309.
  • Tuljapurkar, S. & Horvitz, C.C. (2006) From stage to age in variable environments: life expectancy and survivorship. Ecology, 87, 14971509.
  • Vaupel, J.W., Manton, K.G. & Stallard, E. (1979) The impact of heterogeneity in individual frailty on the dynamics of mortality. Demography, 16, 439454.
  • Venables, W.N. & Ripley, B.D. (1997) Modern Applied Statistics with S-PLUS. Springer, New York, NY.
  • Werner, P.A. (1975) Predictions of fate from rosette size in teasel (Dipsacus fullonum L.). Oecologia, 20, 197201.
  • Werner, P.A. & Caswell, H. (1977) Population growth rates and age versus stage-distribution models for teasel (Dipsacus sylvestris Huds). Ecology, 58, 11031111.
  • Zachmann, L., Moffet, C. & Adler, P. (2010) Mapped quadrats in sagebrush steppe: long-term data for analyzing demographic rates and plant–plant interactions. Ecology, 91, 3427.
  • Zuidema, P.A., Jongejans, E., Chien, P.D., During, H.J. & Schieving, F. (2010) Integral projection models for trees: a new parameterization method and a validation of model output. Journal of Ecology, 98, 345355.