Above-ground herbivory by red milkweed beetles facilitates above- and below-ground conspecific insects and reduces fruit production in common milkweed
Version of Record online: 1 APR 2014
© 2014 The Authors. Journal of Ecology © 2014 British Ecological Society
Journal of Ecology
Volume 102, Issue 4, pages 1038–1047, July 2014
How to Cite
Erwin, A. C., Züst, T., Ali, J. G., Agrawal, A. A. (2014), Above-ground herbivory by red milkweed beetles facilitates above- and below-ground conspecific insects and reduces fruit production in common milkweed. Journal of Ecology, 102: 1038–1047. doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12248
- Issue online: 23 JUN 2014
- Version of Record online: 1 APR 2014
- Accepted manuscript online: 19 MAR 2014 07:25AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 13 MAR 2014
- Manuscript Received: 14 DEC 2013
- Andrew Mellon Foundation
- Cornell University Program in Biogeochemisty and Environmental Biocomplexity
- SNSF. Grant Numbers: PBZHP3-141434, DEB-1118783
Figure S1. Histograms of individual larval masses (Experiment 1), separated into treatment (upper panel) and bioassay (lower panel) larvae.
Figure S2. Timeline of the field experiment (Experiment 2).
Figure S3. Amount of damage caused by Tetraopes tetraophthalmus (a) and Danaus plexippus (b) throughout the field season.
Table S1. Results of model selection using Akaike's information criterion (AIC) to identify terms with a significant effect on later-season leaf damage to Asclepias syriaca field plants for models with non-normal data.
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