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Analytical psychology and its relation to psychoanalysis. A personal view


  • James Astor


Jungian analysis is a process based on analytical psychology; it shows local variations giving emphasis to different aspects of Jung’s work within the various societies which make up the IAAP. I describe the orientation of the Society of Analytical Psychology (SAP). I have emphasized the different origins of psychoanalysis and analytical psychology and described how, because we encounter the same clinical phenomena, our differences centre on technique and interpretation in the context of our theoretical differences (see Astor 1998, p. 697 & 2001). In the main the link to psychoanalysis has come from the connection forged by Fordham, who recognized that Jung and Klein shared a similar perception of the significance of unconscious phantasy. For Klein unconscious phantasy was the primary unconscious content, and this is different, as Spillius has recently pointed out, from Freud for whom, ‘the prime mover, so to speak, is the unconscious wish’ (Spillius 2001, p. 361).