Day-to-day Relationships Between Self-awareness, Daily Events, and Anxiety


  • I am grateful to Shelly Gable for collecting the data that served as the basis for this article and to Shelly Gable, Nilly Raefili-Mor, Neill Watson, and Jennifer Pals for their comments on previous versions of this article.

regarding this article should be sent to John B. Nezlek, College of William & Mary, Department of Psychology, PO Box 8795, Williamsburg, VA 23187-8795, email:


ABSTRACT Every day for 3 weeks, 41 participants provided measures of their state private and public self-consciousness (self-awareness, SA), and anxiety, and they described the events that occurred each day. Multilevel random coefficient modeling analyses found that daily private and public SA were positively related to the importance and frequency of daily negative social events and to daily anxiety. Public SA was also positively related to the importance and frequency of daily positive social events. Neither public nor private SA was related to the importance and frequency of daily achievement events. The strength of the relationship between public SA and positive social events was stronger for people who were less anxious, less depressed, and for those with greater self-esteem. Analyses of lagged relationships suggested that increased private SA led to increased negativity of social events, whereas increased public SA led to increased positivity of social events, and increased anxiety led to increased private SA.