Decomposing Global Self-Esteem


  • Romin W. Tafarodi, Department of Psychology; Alan B. Milne, Department of Psychology.

  • This research was supported by a grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (410-97-1509) to the first author. We thank Ken Dion, Caroline Ho, Rick Hoyle, and Herb Marsh for their comments on previous versions of this manuscript. Special thanks goes to Lucy Matthews and Katie Davies for their contributions to pilot work leading up to Study 4.

concerning this article should be addressed to Romin W. Tafarodi, Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, 100 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G3, Canada. E-mail may be sent to


ABSTRACT We argue in this paper for distinguishing two dimensions of global self-esteem, self-competence and self-liking. Studies 1 and 2 identify a corresponding pair of factors in Rosenberg's (1965) Self-Esteem Scale. Studies 3 and 4 examine the predictive value of the two-dimensional approach to self-esteem as reflected in the unique associations of self-competence and self-liking with negative life events and word recognition.