Todd M. Thrash, Department of Clinical and Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester; Andrew J. Elliot, Department of Clinical and Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester.
Implicit and Self-Attributed Achievement Motives: Concordance and Predictive Validity
Article first published online: 23 SEP 2002
Journal of Personality
Volume 70, Issue 5, pages 729–756, October 2002
How to Cite
Thrash, T. M. and Elliot, A. J. (2002), Implicit and Self-Attributed Achievement Motives: Concordance and Predictive Validity. Journal of Personality, 70: 729–756. doi: 10.1111/1467-6494.05022
We wish to thank Oliver Schultheiss for his helpful comments on a previous draft of this article.
- Issue published online: 23 SEP 2002
- Article first published online: 23 SEP 2002
ABSTRACT As a complement to the literature on the discriminant validity of implicit and self-attributed motives, this study explored two issues that point to convergences: moderation of concordance between implicit and self-attributed achievement motives, and the role of the two types of motive as antecedents of achievement goals. Significant positive correlations were found between implicit and self-attributed need for achievement and between implicit and self-attributed fear of failure. Individuals higher in self-determination were more concordant in implicit and self-attributed need for achievement. Implicit and self-attributed achievement motives predicted achievement goals in a similar manner, and structural equation modeling yielded good fit for a conceptually parsimonious latent motive model. It is suggested that implicit and self-attributed motives converge in some respects (yet diverge in others), and implications for theory are discussed.