Richard Gonzalez, University of Michigan; Dale Griffin, University of British Columbia.
Modeling the Personality of Dyads and Groups
Article first published online: 7 NOV 2002
Journal of Personality
Volume 70, Issue 6, pages 901–924, December 2002
How to Cite
Gonzalez, R. and Griffin, D. (2002), Modeling the Personality of Dyads and Groups. Journal of Personality, 70: 901–924. doi: 10.1111/1467-6494.05027
This research was supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation (Gonzalez) and a grant from the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada (Griffin).
- Issue published online: 7 NOV 2002
- Article first published online: 7 NOV 2002
ABSTRACT The paper presents a methodological approach for assessing the personality of a dyad or a group, a concept that is not equivalent to the sum, or mean, of the individual scores. We illustrate how the logic of the multitrait multimethod approach, which is a familiar technique for establishing construct validity, can be extended to assess the construct of a relationship “personality.” The model, which we call the latent group model, provides a decomposition and comparison of individual-level and group-level variance in a given trait, and the individual-level and group-level covariance or correlation between two traits. The model is also extended to the assessment of stability of the individual and group level traits. Throughout the paper, we draw connections between related methods and show how the latent group model can be estimated through hierarchical linear modeling.