We dedicate this research to the memory of Jack Digman who inspired the exploration of child personality. This research was supported in part by a National Institute of Mental Health Grants 39899, 50302 to Charles Halverson and MH53272 to James Victor. We would like to thank many individuals and their research collaborators for help over the years, but we are especially appreciative of Geldolph Kohnstamm who was a pioneer in this research endeavor. Included among others who assisted with this project are LaKeisha Bland, Eric Elphick, Jennifer Gonyea, Holly Higgins, Roy P. Martin, Ying Lu, Leanna Thomas, Karen Shetterley, Anne-Marie Slotboom, Lisa White, Yuching Zhang and Ying Zhou. Finally, we are most grateful to the parents, teachers and children who participated in our studies.
Personality Structure as Derived From Parental Ratings of Free Descriptions of Children: The Inventory of Child Individual Differences
Article first published online: 9 JAN 2004
Journal of Personality
Volume 71, Issue 6, pages 995–1026, December 2003
How to Cite
Halverson, C. F., Havill, V. L., Deal, J., Baker, S. R., Victor, J. B., Pavlopoulos, V., Besevegis, E. and Wen, L. (2003), Personality Structure as Derived From Parental Ratings of Free Descriptions of Children: The Inventory of Child Individual Differences. Journal of Personality, 71: 995–1026. doi: 10.1111/1467-6494.7106005
- Issue published online: 9 JAN 2004
- Article first published online: 9 JAN 2004
Based on over 50,000 parental descriptors of children gathered in eight different countries, we used a combination of focus group sorting of descriptors in each country and factor analyses of instruments developed in four of the countries (United States, China, Greece, and the Netherlands) to describe children ages 3 to 12 years to select items for an instrument that would work well across countries to access personality. Through many factor analyses of indigenous items in each country, a core set of 141 items was used in three of the countries, with over 3000 parents responding to our instruments in China, Greece, and the United States. Much cross-comparative research analysis has resulted in 15 robust midlevel scales that describe the structures of parental descriptors that are common to the three countries. The data on the English (U.S.) sample are presented in detail. Links to temperament and behavior problems are presented and discussed.