Civil Society and the State: Turkey After the Earthquake
Article first published online: 16 DEC 2002
Overseas Development Institute, 2002
Volume 26, Issue 2, pages 120–139, June 2002
How to Cite
Jalali, R. (2002), Civil Society and the State: Turkey After the Earthquake. Disasters, 26: 120–139. doi: 10.1111/1467-7717.00196
- Issue published online: 16 DEC 2002
- Article first published online: 16 DEC 2002
- Cited By
- earthquake response;
- civil society
On 17 August 1999 Turkey was hit by a massive earthquake. Over 17,000 lives were lost and there was extensive damage to Turkey’s heartland. This paper examines how various public and private institutions, including state and civil society institutions such as NGOs and the media responded to the needs of earthquake survivors. It documents the extensive involvement of NGOs in the relief efforts immediately after the disaster and examines the impact of such participation on state-civil society relations in the country.
The data show that state response to the disaster went through several phases from a period of ineptitude to effective management. The paper credits the media and the NGOs for acting as advocates for survivors and forcing changes at the state level. The paper argues that an ideal response system, which fully addresses the needs of victims, can only be based on state-civil society relations that are both collaborative and adversarial.