Francisco González-Gómez, Universidad de Granada, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Campus de Granada, sn, 18012 Granada, Spain. Enrique Lluch-Frechina, Universidad Cardenal Herrera-CEU. C/ Luis Vives 1, 46115 Alfara del Patriarca, Valencia, Spain. Jorge Guardiola (corresponding author), Universidad de Granada, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Campus de Granada, sn, 18012 Granada, Spain; e-mail: email@example.com.
Water Habits and Hygiene Education to Prevent Diarrhoeal Diseases: The Zambezi River Basin in Mozambique†
Version of Record online: 4 JAN 2014
© 2014 The Authors. African Development Review © 2014 African Development Bank
African Development Review
Volume 25, Issue 4, pages 563–572, December/Decembere 2013
How to Cite
González-Gómez, F., Lluch-Frechina, E. and Guardiola, J. (2013), Water Habits and Hygiene Education to Prevent Diarrhoeal Diseases: The Zambezi River Basin in Mozambique. African Development Review, 25: 563–572. doi: 10.1111/1467-8268.12050
The authors gratefully acknowledge the highly constructive comments and suggestions from two anonymous referees. They also acknowledge the financial support from Generalitat Valenciana, University CEU Cardenal Herrera, the Catholic University in Mozambique, the NGO Cáritas in Spain and in Mozambique, the Consejería de Economía, Innovación, Ciencia y Empleo from the Government of Andalusia (P11-SEJ-7039) and the Spanish Ministry of Economics and Competitiveness of Spain (Project ECO2009-08824/ECON and Project ECO2012-32189).
- Issue online: 4 JAN 2014
- Version of Record online: 4 JAN 2014
This research analyses the relationship between certain water-related habits and infrastructure likely to influence the frequency of diarrhoea in children that are five years old or younger. The study is implemented using an ordered logit model with information from 334 households from the Zambezi river in Mozambique, with children who were aged up to five years. The main objective of this paper is to emphasize the importance of hygiene education in the prevention of gastrointestinal diseases in children, that are affected by poor access to water systems and sanitation. Maintaining hygiene is especially important in households with young children, who are more vulnerable to gastrointestinal diseases. The results of the research reveal that in households that do not know that water transmits illnesses and where they do not wash their hands before preparing a child's meal, the children suffer diarrhoea more frequently. The main recommendation is to invest in hygiene education programmes to reduce the risk of illnesses such as diarrhoea. Improvements in access to water and sanitation may not be sufficient in order to improve life conditions if there is no hygiene education.