Designs with Repeated Measurements on Any Number of Units over Varying Periods



In the usual repeated measurements designs (RMDs), the subjects are all observed for the same number of periods and the optimum RMDs require specified numbers of subjects, usually depending on the number of treatments to be used. In practice, it is sometimes not feasible to meet these requirements. To overcome this problem, alternative designs are suggested where any number of available subjects may be used and they may be observed for different periods. These designs are based on suitable serially balanced sequences which are shown to be optimal. Moreover, besides the usual direct and residual effects, the model considered has an extra term due to the interaction effect between them. The recommended designs are universally optimal in a very general class.