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A Frequency-Domain Approach to Watermarking 3D Shapes



This paper presents a robust watermarking algorithm with informed detection for 3D polygonal meshes. The algorithm is based on our previous algorithm [22] that employs mesh-spectral analysis to modify mesh shapes in their transformed domain. This paper presents extensions to our previous algorithm so that (1) much larger meshes can be watermarked within a reasonable time, and that (2) the watermark is robust against connectivity alteration (e.g., mesh simplification), and that (3) the watermark is robust against attacks that combine similarity transformation with such other attacks as cropping, mesh simplification, and smoothing. Experiment showed that our new watermarks are resistant against mesh simplification and remeshing combined with resection, similarity transformation, and other operations..