Texture Particles



This paper presents an analytical extension of texture synthesis techniques based on the distribution of elementary texture components. Our approach is similar to the bombing, cellular, macrostructured and lapped textures techniques, but provides the user with more control on both the texture analysis and synthesis phases. Therefore, high quality results can be obtained for a large number of structured or stochastic textures (bricks, marble, lawn, etc.). The analysis consists in decomposing textures into elementary components — that we call ``texture particles'' — and for which we analyze their specific spatial arrangements. The synthesis then consists in recomposing similar textures directly on arbitrary surfaces by taking into account the previously computed arrangements, extended to 3D surfaces. Compared to ``pixel-based'' analysis and synthesis methods, which have been recently generalized to arbitrary surfaces, our approach has three major advantages: (1) it is fast, which allows the user to interactively control the synthesis process. This further allows us to propose a large number of tools, granting a high degree of artistic freedom to the user. (2) It avoids the visual deterioration of the texture components by preserving their shapes as well as their spatial arrangements. (3) The texture particles can be not only images, but also 3D geometric elements, which extends significantly the domain of application.