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A model is proposed that implies that planning evoked by the formation of an implementation intention is related to behavioral intention and perceived behavioral control, whereas in accordance with the theory of planned behavior, behavioral intention is related to attitude and perceived behavioral control. Measures of attitude toward the behavior, perceived behavioral control, behavioral intention, and planning were constructed from 192 undergraduates’ ratings of descriptions of two fictitious situations in which a target behavior was varied with respect to benefit and actual behavioral control. Structural equation modeling yielded an acceptable fit of the proposed model.