SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Adiego Lajara, Ignasi-Xavier , 2000. ‘Sobre el relativo del antiguo persa’, in Bernhard Forssman & Robert Plath (eds.), Indoarisch, Iranisch und die Indogermanistik: Arbeitstagung der indogermanischen Gesellschaft vom 2. bis 5. Oktober 1997 in Erlangen, Wiesbaden: Reichert, 113.
  • Åfarli, Tor A. , 2010. ‘Adjunction and 3D phrase structure: a study of Norwegian adverbials’, in Nomi Erteschik-Shir & Lisa Rochman (eds.), The Sound Patterns of Syntax, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 932.
  • Agbayani, Brian & Golston, Chris , 2010. ‘Phonological movement in Classical Greek’, Language 86, 13367.
  • Aissen, Judith L. , 1992. ‘Topic and focus in Mayan’, Language 68, 4380.
  • Anderson, Stephen R. , 1992. A-morphous Morphology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Anderson, Stephen R. , 2005. Aspects of the Theory of Clitics, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Austin, Peter & Bresnan, Joan , 1996. ‘Non-configurationality in Australian Aboriginal languages’, Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 14, 21568.
  • Bermúdez-Otero, Ricardo & Payne, John , 2011. ‘There are no special clitics’, in Alexandra Galani , Glyn Hicks , & George Tsoulas (eds.), Morphology and its Interfaces, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 5796.
  • Bögel, Tina , 2010. ‘Pashto (endo-)clitics in a parallel architecture’, in Miriam Butt & Tracy Holloway King (eds.), Proceedings of the LFG10 Conference, Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications, 85105.
  • Bögel, Tina , Butt, Miriam , Kaplan, Ronald M. , King, Tracy Holloway , & Maxwell III, John T. , 2010. ‘Second position and the prosody-syntax interface’, in Miriam Butt & Tracy Holloway King (eds.), Proceedings of the LFG10 Conference, Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications, 106126.
  • Bratishenko, Elena , 2003. ‘Genitive-accusative and possessive adjective in Old East Slavic’, Scando-Slavica 49, 83103.
  • Bubeník, Vít , 2009. ‘The rise and development of the possessive construction in Middle Iranian with parallels in Albanian’, in Vít Bubeník , John Hewson , & Sarah Rose (eds.), Grammatical Change in Indo-European Languages: Papers Presented at the Workshop on Indo-European Linguistics at the XVIIIth International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Montreal, 2007, Amsterdam: Benjamins, 89101.
  • Cardona, George , 1993. ‘The bhāṣika accentuation system’, Studien zur Indologie und Iranistik 18, 140.
  • Casaretto Antje , 2010a. ‘Syntax und wortarten der lokalpartikeln des Ṛgveda. VI: práti ’, International Journal of Diachronic Linguistics and Linguistic Reconstruction 7, 153.
  • Casaretto, Antje , 2010b. ‘Syntax und inline imageortarten der Lokalpartikeln des Ṛgveda. VIII: abhí ’, Historische Sprachforschung 123, 97156.
  • Casaretto Antje , 2011a. ‘Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des Ṛgveda. IX: ánu ’, Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 65, 764.
  • Casaretto, Antje , 2011b. ‘Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des Ṛgveda. XII: ’, Historische Sprachforschung 124, 10851.
  • Casaretto, Antje , 2011c. ‘Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des Ṛgveda. XVI: áti und tirás ’, International Journal of Diachronic Linguistics and Linguistic Reconstruction 8, 173216.
  • Casaretto, Antje , 2011d. ‘Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des Ṛgveda. XIV: ácchā ’, Studien zur Indologie und Iranistik 28, 125.
  • Casaretto, Antje , forthcoming a. ‘Zum Verhältnis von Kasusfunktion und Lokalpartikel im Ṛgveda am Beispiel des Akkusativs’, to appear in Historische Sprachforschung.
  • Casaretto, Antje , forthcoming b. ‘Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des Ṛgveda. XXI: purás, purástāt und purinline image ’, to appear in Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 66.
  • Chomsky, Noam , 1995. The Minimalist Program, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Dalrymple, Mary & Mycock, Louise , 2011. ‘The prosody-semantics interface’, in Miriam Butt & Tracy Holloway King (eds.), Proceedings of the LFG11 Conference, Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications, 17393.
  • Dalrymple, Mary & Nikolaeva, Irina , 2011. Objects and Information Structure, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Delbrück, Berthold , 1888. Altindische Syntax, Halle: Verlag der Buchhandlung des Waisenhauses.
  • Dik, Helma , 1995. Word Order in Ancient Greek: A Pragmatic Account of Word Order Variation in Herodotus, Amsterdam: J. C. Gieben.
  • Dik, Helma , 2007. Word Order in Greek Tragic Dialogue, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Dunkel, George E. , 1979. ‘Preverb repetition’, Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 38, 4182.
  • Erteschik-Shir, Nomi , 2005a. ‘Sound patterns of syntax: object shift’, Theoretical Linguistics 31, 4793.
  • Erteschik-Shir, Nomi , 2005b. ‘What is syntax?’, Theoretical Linguistics 31, 26374.
  • Erteschik-Shir, Nomi & Rochman, Lisa (eds.), 2010. The Sound Patterns of Syntax, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Franks, Steven , 2008. ‘Clitic placement, prosody, and the Bulgarian verbal complex’, Journal of Slavic Linguistics 16, 91137.
  • Garrett, Andrew , 1990. The Syntax of Anatolian Pronominal Clitics, Ph.D. thesis, Harvard University.
  • Garrett, Andrew , 1992. ‘Topics in Lycian syntax’, Historische Sprachforschung 105, 20012.
  • Gerlach, Birgit & Grijzenhout, Janet , 2000. ‘Clitics from different perspectives’, in Birgit Gerlach & Janet Grijzenhout (eds.), Clitics in Phonology, Morphology and Syntax, Amsterdam: J. Benjamins, 129.
  • Grassmann, Hermann , 1873. Wörterbuch zum Rig-Veda, 6th edn 1996, edited by Maria Kozianka . Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
  • Haider, Hubert & Zwanziger, Ronald , 1984. ‘Relatively attributive: the ‘ezāfe’-construction from Old Iranian to Modern Persian’, in Jacek Fisiak (ed.), Historical Syntax, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 137172.
  • Haig, Geoffrey , 2011. ‘Linker, relativizer, nominalizer, tense-particle: on the ezafe in West Iranian’, in Foong Ha Yap , Karen Grunow-Hårsta , & Janick Wrona (eds.), Nominalization in Asian Languages: Diachronic and Typological Perspectives, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 363390.
  • Hale, Mark R. , 1987a. Studies in the Comparative Syntax of the Oldest Indo-Iranian Languages, Ph.D. thesis, Harvard University.
  • Hale, Mark R. , 1987b. ‘Notes on Wackernagel's Law in the language of the Rigveda’, in Calvert Watkins (ed.), Studies in Memory of Warren Cowgill, 1929–1985: papers from the Fourth East Coast Indo-European Conference, Cornell University, June 6–9, 1985, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 3850.
  • Hale, Mark R. , 1990. ‘Preliminaries to the study of the relationship between sandhi and syntax in the language of the Rigveda’, Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 51, 7796.
  • Hale, Mark R. , 1993. ‘Tmesis and movement in Avestan’, Indo-Iranian Journal 36, 2943.
  • Hale, Mark R. , 1995. ‘Wackernagel's Law’, Draft MS, available online at http://modlang-hale.concordia.ca/Hale-WackernagelsLaw1995.pdf.
  • Hale, Mark R. , 1996. ‘Deriving Wackernagel's Law: prosodic and syntactic factors determining clitic placement in the language of the Rigveda’, in Aaron L. Halpern & Arnold M. Zwicky (eds.), Approaching Second: Second Position Clitics and Related Phenomena, Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications, 16597.
  • Hale, Mark R. , 2007. Historical Linguistics: Theory and Method, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
  • Halpern, Aaron L. , 1995. On the Placement and Morphology of Clitics, Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications.
  • Haug, Dag T. T. , 2008. ‘Detecting word order freezing in old Indo-European languages’, Paper presented at NRG 2008 (New Reflections on Grammaticalization 4), Leuven, 16 July 2008.
  • Hettrich, Heinrich , 1988. Untersuchungen zur Hypotaxe im Vedischen, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Hettrich, Heinrich , 1991. ‘Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des Ṛgveda. I: ádhi ’, Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 52, 2776.
  • Hettrich, Heinrich , 1993. ‘Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des Ṛgveda. II: antár ’, Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 54, 147176.
  • Hettrich, Heinrich , 2002. ‘Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des Ṛgveda. III: pári ’, in Matthias Fritz & Susanne Zeilfelder (eds.), Novalis Indogermanica. Festschrift für Günter Neumann zum 80. Geburtstag, Graz: Leykam, 215242.
  • Hettrich, Heinrich , Casaretto, Antje , & Schneider, Carolin , 2004. ‘Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des Ṛgveda. IV: I. Allgemeines, II. úpa, III. áva ’, Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 64, 17130.
  • Hewson, John & Bubeník, Vít , 2006. From Case to Adposition: the Development of Configurational Syntax in Indo-European Languages, Amsterdam: Benjamins.
  • Hock, Hans Henrich , 1982. ‘Clitic verbs in PIE or discourse-based verb fronting?’, Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 12, 138.
  • Hock, Hans Henrich , 1989. ‘Conjoined we stand: theoretical implications of Sanskrit relative structures’, Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 19, 93126.
  • Hock, Hans Henrich , 1992. ‘What's a nice word like you doing in a place like this? Syntax vs. phonological form’, Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 22, 3987.
  • Hock, Hans Henrich , 1996. ‘Who's on first? Toward a prosodic account of P2 clitics’, in Aaron L. Halpern & Arnold M. Zwicky (eds.), Approaching Second: Second Position Clitics and Related Phenomena, Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications, 199270.
  • Hock, Hans Henrich , 1997a. ‘Chronology or genre? Problems in Vedic syntax’, in Michael Witzel (ed.), Inside the Texts, Beyond the Texts: New Approaches to the Study of the Vedas: Proceedings of the International Vedic Workshop, Harvard University, June 1989, Cambridge, MA: Department of Sanskrit and Indian Studies, Harvard University, 10326.
  • Hock, Hans Henrich , 1997b. ‘Nexus and ‘extraclausality’ in Vedic, or ‘sa-figé’ all over again: a historical (re)examination’, in Hans Henrich Hock (ed.), Historical, Indo-European, and Lexicographical Studies : a Festschrift for Ladislav Zgusta on the Occasion of his 70th Birthday, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 4978.
  • Hoffmann, Karl , 1956. ‘Zur parenthese im Altpersischen’, Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 9, 7986.
  • Horrocks, Geoffrey C. , 1981. Space and Time in Homer: Prepositional and Adverbial Particles in the Greek Epic, New York: Arno Press.
  • Jamison, Stephanie W. , 1992a. ‘Natural history notes on the Rigvedic ‘frog’ hymn’, Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute 73, 13744.
  • Jamison, Stephanie W. , 1992b. ‘Vedic “sá figé”: An inherited sentence connective?’, Historische Sprachforschung 105, 21339.
  • Kent, Roland G. , 1944. ‘The Old Persian relative and article’, Language 20, 110.
  • Keydana, Götz , 2011. ‘Wackernagel in the language of the Rigveda’, Historische Sprachforschung 124, 80107.
  • King, Tracy Holloway , 1995. Configuring Topic and Focus in Russian, Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications.
  • Kiparsky, Paul , 1995. ‘Indo-European Origins of Germanic syntax’, in Adrian Battye & Ian G. Roberts (eds.), Clause Structure and Language Change, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 14069.
  • Klavans, Judith L. , 1982. Some Problems in a Theory of Clitics, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Linguistics Club.
  • Klavans, Judith L. , 1985. ‘The independence of syntax and phonology in cliticization’, Language 61, 95120.
  • Klein, Jared S. , 1991. ‘Syntactic and discourse correlates of verb-initial sentences in the Rigveda’, in Hans Henrich Hock (ed.), Studies in Sanskrit Syntax : a Volume in Honor of the Centennial of Speijer's Sanskrit Syntax, 1886–1986, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 12343.
  • Klein, Jared S. , 1992. On verbal accentuation in the Rigveda, New Haven, CT: American Oriental Society.
  • Klein, Jared S. , 1997. ‘On verbal accentuation in the Rigveda’, in Michael Witzel (ed.), Inside the Texts, Beyond the Texts: New Approaches to the Study of the Vedas: Proceedings of the International Vedic Workshop, Harvard University, June 1989, Cambridge, MA: Dept. of Sanskrit and Indian Studies, Harvard University, 13966.
  • Klein, Jared S. , 1998. ‘Rigvedic syá/tyá-’, in Jay H. Jasanoff , H. Craig Melchert , & Lisi Oliver (eds.), Mír Curad, Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität Innsbruck, 36172.
  • Klein, Jared S. , 2007. ‘On the nature and function of preverb repetition in the Ṛgveda’, Studien zur Indologie und Iranistik 24, 6982.
  • Kobayashi, Masato , 2004. Historical Phonology of Old Indo-Aryan Consonants, Tokyo: University of Foreign Studies, ICLAA.
  • Krisch, Thomas , 1990. ‘Das wackernagelsche Gesetz aus heutiger Sicht’, in Heiner Eichner & Helmut Rix (eds.), Sprachwissenschaft und Philologie: Jacob Wackernagel und die Indogermanistik heute. Kolloquium der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft vom 13. bis 15. Oktober 1988 in Basel, Wiesbaden: Reichert, 6481.
  • Krisch, Thomas , 1997. ‘Delbrücks Arbeiten zur Wortstellung aus heutiger Sicht’, in Emilio Crespo & José-Luis García Ramón (eds.), Berthold Delbrück y la Sintaxis Indoeuropean Hoy. Actas del Coloquio de la Indogermanische Gesellschaft, Madrid, 21–24 de septiembre de 1994, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 283309.
  • Krisch, Thomas , 1998. ‘Zum Hyperbaton in altindogermanischen Sprachen’, in Wolfgang Meid (ed.), Sprache und Kultur der Indogermanen: Akten der X. Fachtagung der indogermanischen Gesellschaft, Innsbruck, 22–28. September 1996, Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität Innsbruck, 35184.
  • Krisch, Thomas , 2002. ‘Indogermanische Wortstellung’, in Heinrich Hettrich (ed.), Indogermanische Syntax: Fragen und Perspektiven, Wiesbaden: Reichert, 24961.
  • Laughren, Mary , 2002. ‘Syntactic constraints in a “free word order” language’, in Mengistu Amberber & Peter Collins (eds.), Language Universals and Variation, Westport, CT: Praeger, 83130.
  • Legendre, Géraldine , 1996. ‘Clitics, verb (non)-movement, and optimality in Bulgarian’, Technical Report JHU-CogSci-96-5, Department of Cognitive Science, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.
  • Legendre, Géraldine , 2000. ‘Morphological and prosodic alignment of Bulgarian clitics’, in Joost Dekkers , Frank van der Leeuw , & Jeroen van de Weijer (eds.), Optimality Theory: Phonology, Syntax and Acquisition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 42362.
  • Liddell, Henry George , Scott, Robert , Jones, Henry Stuart & McKenzie, Roderick , 1940. A Greek-English Lexicon 9th edn, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Lowe, John J. , 2011. ‘Ṛgvedic clitics and ‘prosodic movement”, in Miriam Butt & Tracy Holloway King (eds.), Proceedings of the LFG11 Conference, Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications, 36080.
  • Lowe, John J. , 2012. The Syntax and Semantics of Tense-Aspect Stem Participles in Early Ṛgvedic Sanskrit, D.Phil. thesis, University of Oxford.
  • Lowe, John J. , forthcoming. ‘Clitics: separating syntax and prosody’, To appear.
  • McCone, Kim , 1997. ‘Delbrück's model of PIE word order and the Celtic evidence’, in Emilio Crespo & José-Luis García Ramón (eds.), Berthold Delbrück y la Sintaxis Indoeuropean Hoy. Actas del Coloquio de la Indogermanische Gesellschaft, Madrid, 21–24 de septiembre de 1994, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 36396.
  • McCone, Kim , 2006. The Origins and Development of the Insular Celtic Verbal Complex, Maynooth: Department of Old Irish, National University of Ireland.
  • Meillet, Antoine & Benveniste, Émile , 1931. Grammaire du vieux-perse, Paris: H. Champion, 2nd edn. Original edition by A. Meillet, Paris 1915. Second edition “entiérement corr. et augm. par É. Benveniste”.
  • Nespor, Marina & Vogel, Irene , 1986. Prosodic Phonology, Dordrecht: Foris.
  • Nevis, Joel A. , Joseph, Brian D. , Wanner, Dieter , & Zwicky, Arnold M. , 1994. Clitics: A Comprehensive Bibliography, 1892–1991, Amsterdam: J. Benjamins.
  • Oldenberg, Hermann , 1907. ‘Vedische Untersuchungen. 18. Zu den Verbalpräfixen’, Zeitschrift der deutschen morgenländischen Gesellschaft 61, 803815.
  • Peperkamp, Sharon , 1996. ‘On the prosodic representation of clitics’, in Ursula Kleinhenz (ed.), Interfaces in Phonology, Berlin: Akademie, 10227.
  • Peperkamp, Sharon , 1997. Prosodic Words, The Hague: Holland Academic Graphics.
  • Perlmutter, David M. , 1970. ‘Surface structure constraints in syntax’, Linguistic Inquiry 1, 187255.
  • Renou, Louis , 1933. ‘La séparation du préverbe et du verbe en védique’, Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris 34, 4997.
  • Risch, Ernst , 1954. ‘Zur lautlichen Struktur des Altpersischen’, Asiatische Studien 8, 14954.
  • Schäufele, Steven , 1996. ‘Now that we're all here, where do we sit? Phonological ordering in the Vedic clause-initial string’, in Aaron L. Halpern & Arnold M. Zwicky (eds.), Approaching Second; Second Position Clitics and Related Phenomena, Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications, 44775.
  • Schmitt, Rudiger , 1976. ‘Epitaphios auf altpersisch hya ’, Studia Iranica 5, 14954.
  • Schneider, Carolin , 2009. ‘Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des Ṛgveda. V: ninline image ’, Historische Sprachforschung 122, 118169.
  • Schneider, Carolin , 2010a. ‘Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des Ṛgveda. VII: níṣ ’, International Journal of Diachronic Linguistics and Linguistic Reconstruction 7, 149193.
  • Schneider, Carolin , 2010b. ‘Lokalpartikel im Ṛgveda (Folge 13): ápa ’, Studien zur Indologie und Iranistik 27, 135.
  • Schneider, Carolin , 2011a. ‘Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des Ṛgveda. X: úd ’, Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 65, 185241.
  • Schneider, Carolin , 2011b. ‘Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des Ṛgveda. Teil XV.1: sác inline image, sahá ’, International Journal of Diachronic Linguistics and Linguistic Reconstruction 8, 117160.
  • Schneider, Carolin , forthcoming a. ‘Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des Ṛgveda. XI: sám’, to appear in Historische Sprachforschung.
  • Schneider, Carolin , forthcoming b. ‘Zusammen ist nicht immer gemeinsam. Zu einigen Partikeln mit soziativer Bedeutung im Ṛgveda’, to appear in Historische Sprachforschung.
  • Selkirk, Elisabeth O. , 1984. Phonology and Syntax: the Relation between Sound and Structure, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Selkirk, Elisabeth O. , 1995. ‘The prosodic structure of function words’, in Jill N. Beckman , Laura Walsh Dickey , & Suzanne Urbanczyk (eds.), Papers in Optimality Theory, Amherst, MA: GLSA, 43969.
  • Simpson, Jane , 2007. ‘Expressing pragmatic constraints on word order in Warlpiri’, in Annie Zaenen , Jane Simpson , Tracy Holloway King , Jane Grimshaw , Joan Maling & Chris Manning (eds.), Architectures, Rules and Preferences: Variations on Themes by Joan Bresnan, Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications, 40327.
  • Simpson, Jane & Mushin, Ilana , 2008. ‘Clause-initial position in four Australian languages’, in Ilana Mushin & Brett Baker (eds.), Discourse and Grammar in Australian Languages, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2557.
  • Sims-Williams, Patrick , 1984. ‘The double system of verbal inflexion in Old Irish’, Transactions of the Philological Society 82, 138201.
  • Spencer, Andrew , 2000. ‘Verbal clitics in Bulgarian: a paradigm function approach’, in Birgit Gerlach & Janet Grijzenhout (eds.), Clitics in Phonology, Morphology and Syntax, Amsterdam: J. Benjamins, 35586.
  • Strunk, Klaus , 1967. ‘Wortstruktur und Pronomen im Altpersischen’, Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung 81, 26575.
  • Strunk, Klaus , 1969. ‘Wortstellung und Univerbierung altpersischer Korrelativverbindungen’, Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung 83, 4958.
  • Szemerényi, Oswald John Louis , 1975. ‘Iranica V (nos. 59–70)’, in Monumentum H. S. Nyberg II , Leiden: Brill, 31394.
  • Vaillant, André , 1942. ‘L'article en vieux slave’, Revue des Études Slaves 20, 512.
  • Viti, Carlotta , 2010. ‘The information structure of OVS in Vedic’, in Gisella Ferraresi & Rosemarie Lühr (eds.), Diachronic Studies on Information Structure: Language Acquisition and Change, Berlin: De Gruyter, 3762.
  • Wackernagel, Jacob , 1892. ‘Über ein Gesetz der indogermanischen Wortstellung’, Indogermanische Forschungen 1, 333436.
  • Watkins Calvert , 1963. ‘Preliminaries to a historical and comparative analysis of the syntax of the Old Irish verb’, Celtica 6, 149.
  • Ziegler, Sabine , 1992. ‘Zur Entwicklung der Relativsätze mit dem Relativpronomen inline image o- in den keltischen Sprachen’, Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 53, 25170.
  • Zwicky, Arnold M. , 1977. On Clitics, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Linguistics Club.
  • Zwicky, Arnold M. & Pullum, Geoffrey K. , 1983. ‘Cliticization vs. inflection: English n't ’, Language 59, 50213.