Dianne Hall lectures in the College of Arts, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.
Defending the Faith: Orangeism and Ulster Protestant Identities in Colonial New South Wales†
Article first published online: 27 AUG 2013
© 2013 The Author. Journal of Religious History © 2013 Religious History Association
Journal of Religious History
Volume 38, Issue 2, pages 207–223, June 2014
How to Cite
Hall, D. (2014), Defending the Faith: Orangeism and Ulster Protestant Identities in Colonial New South Wales. Journal of Religious History, 38: 207–223. doi: 10.1111/1467-9809.12007
Initial data collection for this article was funded by the Leverhulme Trust, London through a project headed by Lindsay Proudfoot, Queen's University, Belfast. I am grateful to Dr Proudfoot for his ongoing support for this research. I have also benefitted from discussions with Elizabeth Malcolm and Val Noone from the University of Melbourne. My thanks also to Mr Hilton Wickham of the Loyal Orange Institution of New South Wales for access to the records in his care and for informative discussion of the history of the Loyal Orange Institution of New South Wales.
- Issue published online: 20 JUN 2014
- Article first published online: 27 AUG 2013
The Orange Order was never as prominent in the Australian colonies as its own publicity asserted and its arguments against the power of Rome in Australian politics and society were more shrill than accurate. However, it held a clearly defined position as a vector of anti-Catholicism and ultra-Protestantism in many parts of colonial Australia, and its parades and social gatherings were important spaces for the formation of Australian Protestant identities imbued with varying levels of Irishness. The use of public space meant that the Loyal Orange Institution had a wider impact than their often small numbers might otherwise suggest. With their parades, sermons, public meetings, and demonstrations many Orangemen and women attempted to claim colonial public space not only as Protestant, but as a particularly Irish inflected anti-Catholicism.