The Second Fundamental Theorem of Asset Pricing

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Abstract

This paper presents a resolution of the paradox proposed by the example of an economy with complette markets and a multiplicityof martingale measures constructed by Artzner and Heath (1995). The resolution lies in noting that completeness is with respect to a topology on the space of cash flows and is connected with uniqueness of the price functional in the topological dual space. Uniqueness may be lost outside the dual and this is what occurs in the counterexample of Artzner and Heath.

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