Goldberg bei Nordlingen, located in southern Germany, was excavated earlier this century by Gerhard Bersu. The results of his work were never fully published. This paper concentrates on his excavation of the Hallstatt D settlement known as Goldberg Phase IV. An appraisal of the available evidence shows that Phase IV can be divided into two distinct Sub-Phases, and continuity of occupation is demonstrated. The fortification of Phase IVB indicates a community under threat, and an increase in social differentiation is implied by the appearance of a palisaded enclosure to house the chief and by differences in the structure and functionality of the settlement's buildings.