This research was supported by Spain's Ministry of Education Grant ECO2009-10739. I thank James Simpson, Ingrid Henriksen, Juan Carmona, Joan Rosés, and Jordi Domenech, as well as the participants of the Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria Seminar and the Dublin European Historical Economics Society Conference, for useful comments on an earlier version of the article. Manuel Eisner and Leandro Prados de la Escosura kindly provided me with unpublished data on homicide rates and the Gini index of income distribution, respectively.
Trust, religion, and cooperation in western agriculture, 1880–1930†
Article first published online: 9 JAN 2014
© Economic History Society 2014
The Economic History Review
Volume 67, Issue 3, pages 678–698, August 2014
How to Cite
Fernández, E. (2014), Trust, religion, and cooperation in western agriculture, 1880–1930. The Economic History Review, 67: 678–698. doi: 10.1111/1468-0289.12027
- Issue published online: 9 JUL 2014
- Article first published online: 9 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 12 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 31 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Received: 15 OCT 2012
- Spain's Ministry of Education Grant. Grant Number: ECO2009-10739
This article explores the role of culture in encouraging the diffusion of cooperation for the production and marketing of agricultural products, an organizational innovation that can be related to technical progress in the rural sector and higher living standards for farmers. The results of the zero-inflated negative binomial (ZINB) pooled regressions show that trust and religion were significant determinants of the diffusion of cooperatives among farmers in western countries. Results of the logit portion of these regressions suggest that the density of production was positively related to cooperation and that cooperation decreased where higher inequality in land distribution predominated.