School of Management and Labor Relations, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com. This paper was presented at the Industrial Relations Research Association Conference in New Orleans in January 2001 and at the Employment and Disability Policy Institute, sponsored by Cornell University, in Washington, D.C., in October 2001. Helpful comments have been provided by David Stapleton, Carol Petersen, David Wittenburg, and Peter David Blanck. The authors are responsible for any remaining errors and omissions.
Employment of People with Disabilities Following the ADA
Version of Record online: 14 JAN 2003
Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society
Volume 42, Issue 1, pages 31–66, January 2003
How to Cite
Kruse, D. and Schur, L. (2003), Employment of People with Disabilities Following the ADA. Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, 42: 31–66. doi: 10.1111/1468-232X.00275
- Issue online: 14 JAN 2003
- Version of Record online: 14 JAN 2003
Studies finding a negative effect of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) on the employment of people with disabilities have used the work disability measure, which has several potential problems in measuring employment trends. Using Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) data that permit alternative measures of disability, this study finds decreased employment among those reporting work disabilities in the first few years after the ADA was passed but increased employment when using a more probably appropriate measure of ADA coverage (functional and activity limitations that do not prevent work). State-by-state variation in labor market tightness is used to find that people with disabilities may have especially procyclical employment, but the contrary results in overall employment trends remain after accounting for labor market tightness. Given the problems in measuring who is covered by the ADA, there is reason to be cautious of both positive and negative findings.