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Urban Responses to The Economic Crisis: Confirmation of Urban Policies as Crisis Management in Malmö


  • I owe great thanks to Guy Baeten and Karl-Johan Lundquist. A huge thanks also goes to Giovanni Bettini, Roya Hakimnia, Magnus Helgesen, Erik Jönsson and Andreas Malm, and the CEL-group at the Department of Human Geography in Lund as well as the IJURR reviewers, for valuable critique, suggestions and support at various stages of writing. My sincerest thoughts go to my dear friend and colleague Alicia Bauza van Slingerlandt (RIP) who contributed with feedback and inspiration.


It is common knowledge that crisis also signifies opportunity and opens spaces for change. When responding to the current economic crisis, is urban planning seizing this opportunity? This article investigates the case of the Swedish city of Malmö and explores its responses to the crisis by looking dialectically at the crisis, municipal planning policy and real-estate capital. In this article, the local state and urban planning are regarded as social relations, with the aim of going beyond traditional formulations that oppose market (neoliberal) and state intervention (Keynesianism) as the main focus for crisis management. Against this background, the article shows that the 2008 crisis was met in Malmö by an active municipality that confirmed the existing visions and tendencies, rather than exploiting the crisis as a moment for changes and transformation. The article seeks to explain this by looking at the social relations that have constituted the urban policies in Malmö for the past two decades.