SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Deurenberg RH, Vink C, Kalenic S et al. The molecular evolution of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Clin Microbiol Infect 2007; 13: 222235.
  • 2
    Goering RV, Winters MA. Rapid method for epidemiological evaluation of Gram-positive cocci by field inversion gel electrophoresis. J Clin Microbiol 1992; 30: 577580.
  • 3
    Tenover FC, Arbeit RD, Goering RV et al. Interpreting chromosomal DNA restriction patterns produced by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis: criteria for bacterial strain typing. J Clin Microbiol 1995; 33: 22332239.
  • 4
    Ito T, Okuma K, Ma XX et al. Insights on antibiotic resistance of Staphylococcus aureus from its whole genome: genomic island SCC. Drug Resist Updat 2003; 6: 4152.
  • 5
    Enright MC, Spratt BG. Multilocus sequence typing. Trends Microbiol 1999; 7: 482487.
  • 6
    Ryffel C, Bucher R, Kayser FH et al. The Staphylococcus aureus mec determinant comprises an unusual cluster of direct repeats and codes for a gene product similar to the Escherichia coli sn-glycerophosphoryl diester phosphodiesterase. J Bacteriol 1991; 173: 74167422.
  • 7
    Frenay HM, Bunschoten AE, Schouls LM et al. Molecular typing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus on the basis of protein A gene polymorphism. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 1996; 15: 6064.
  • 8
    Aires-de-Sousa M, Boye K, de Lencastre H et al. High interlaboratory reproducibility of DNA sequence-based typing of bacteria in a multicenter study. J Clin Microbiol 2006; 44: 619621.
  • 9
    Vandenesch F, Naimi T, Enright MC et al. Community acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carrying Panton–Valentine leukocidin genes: worldwide emergence. Emerg Infect Dis 2003; 9: 978984.
  • 10
    Naimi TS, LeDell KH, Como-Sabetti K et al. Comparison of community- and health care-associated methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection. JAMA 2003; 290: 29762984.
  • 11
    Diep BA, Stone GG, Basuino L et al. The arginine catabolic mobile element and staphylococcal chromosomal cassette mec linkage: convergence of virulence and resistance in the USA300 clone of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. J Infect Dis 2008; 197: 15231530.
  • 12
    Diep BA, Gill SR, Chang RF et al. Complete genome sequence of USA300, an epidemic clone of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Lancet 2006; 367: 731739.
  • 13
    Fey PD, Said-Salim B, Rupp ME et al. Comparative molecular analysis of community- or hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2003; 47: 196203.
  • 14
    Lina G, Piémont Y, Godail-Gamot F et al. Involvement of Panton–Valentine leukocidin-producing Staphylococcus aureus in primary skin infections and pneumonia. Clin Infect Dis 1999; 29: 11281132.
  • 15
    Goering RV. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. In: Persing DH, eds, Molecular microbiology: diagnostic principles and practice. Washington, DC: ASM Press, 2004; 185195.
  • 16
    McDougal LK, Steward CD, Killgore GE et al. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis typing of oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from the United States: establishing a national database. J Clin Microbiol 2003; 41: 51135120.
  • 17
    Kondo Y, Ito T, Ma XX et al. Combination of multiplex PCRs for staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec type assignment: rapid identification system for mec, ccr, and major differences in junkyard regions. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2007; 51: 264274.
  • 18
    Oliveira DC, Lencastre H. Multiplex PCR strategy for rapid identification of structural types and variants of the mec element in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2002; 46: 21552161.
  • 19
    Goering RV, Morrison D, Al-Doori Z et al. Usefulness of mec-associated direct repeat unit (dru) typing in the epidemiological analysis of highly clonal methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Scotland. Clin Microbiol Infect 2008; 14: 964969.
  • 20
    Tenover FC, McAllister S, Fosheim G et al. Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus isolates from nasal cultures collected from individuals in the United States in 2001 to 2004. J Clin Microbiol 2008; 46: 28372841.
  • 21
    Goering RV, Shawar RM, Scangarella NE et al. Molecular epidemiology of methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus isolates from global clinical trials. J Clin Microbiol 2008; 46: 28422847.
  • 22
    Marchese A, Gualco L, Maioli E, Debbia E. Molecular analysis and susceptibility patterns of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains circulating in the community in the Ligurian area, a northern region of Italy: emergence of USA300 and EMRSA-15 clones. Int J Antimicrob Agents 2009; 34: 424428.
  • 23
    Simões RR, Aires-de-Sousa M, Conceição T et al. High prevalence of EMRSA-15 in Portuguese public buses: a worrisome finding. PLoS One 2011; 6: e17630.
  • 24
    Antri K, Rouzic N, Dauwalder O et al. High prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clone ST80-IV in hospital and community settings in Algiers. Clin Microbiol Infect 2011; 17: 526532.
  • 25
    Blanco R, Tristan A, Ezpeleta G et al. Molecular epidemiology of Panton–Valentine leukocidin-positive Staphylococcus aureus in Spain: emergence of the USA300 clone in an autochthonous population. J Clin Microbiol 2011; 49: 433436.
  • 26
    Di Giacobbe A, Pecetta S, Virga A et al. Diffusion of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA300 strains in central Italy. Int J Antimicrob Agents 2011; 37: 339346.
  • 27
    David MZ, Daum RS. Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: epidemiology and clinical consequences of an emerging epidemic. Clin Microbiol Rev 2010; 23: 616687.
  • 28
    Prabhu K, Rao S, Rao V. Inducible clindamycin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus isolated from clinical samples. J Lab Physicians 2011; 3: 2527.
  • 29
    Simor AE, Stuart TL, Louie L et al. Mupirocin-resistant, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains in Canadian hospitals. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2007; 51: 38803886.