• 1
    Clough MC. The cultivation of tubercle bacilli from the circulating blood in military tuberculosis. Am Rev Tuberc 1917; 1: 598621.
  • 2
    Bouza E, Díaz-López MD, Moreno S, Bernaldo de Quirós JC, Vicente T, Berenguer J. Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteremia in patients with and without human immunodeficiency virus infection. Arch Intern Med 1993; 153: 496500.
  • 3
    Gopinath K, Kumar S, Singh S. Prevalence of mycobacteremia in Indian HIV-infected patients detected by the MB/BacT automated culture system. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2008; 27: 423431.
  • 4
    McDonald LC, Archibald LK, Rheanpumikankit S et al. Unrecognised Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteraemia among hospital inpatients in less developed countries. Lancet 1999; 354: 11591163.
  • 5
    Crump JA, Ramadhani HO, Morrissey AB et al. Bacteremic disseminated tuberculosis in sub-saharan Africa: a prospective cohort study. Clin Infect Dis 2012; 55: 242250.
  • 6
    Grinsztejn B, Fandinho FC, Veloso VG et al. Mycobacteremia in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Arch Intern Med 1997; 157: 23592363.
  • 7
    Tan CK, Lai CC, Liao CH et al. Mycobacterial bacteraemia in patients infected and not infected with human immunodeficiency virus, Taiwan. Clin Microbiol Infect 2010; 16: 627630.
  • 8
    Lewis DK, Peters RP, Schijffelen MJ et al. Clinical indicators of mycobacteraemia in adults admitted to hospital in Blantyre, Malawi. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2002; 6: 10671074.
  • 9
    Sreevatsan S, Pan X, Stockbauer KE et al. Restricted structural gene polymorphism in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex indicates evolutionarily recent global dissemination. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1997; 94: 98699874.
  • 10
    El Sahly HM, Teeter LD, Pan X, Musser JM, Graviss EA. Mortality associated with central nervous system tuberculosis. J Infect 2007; 55: 502509.
  • 11
    Serpa JA, Teeter LD, Musser JM, Graviss EA. Tuberculosis disparity between US-born blacks and whites, Houston, Texas, USA. Emerg Infect Dis 2009; 15: 899904.
  • 12
    Abdool Karim SS, Naidoo K, Grobler A et al. Timing of initiation of antiretroviral drugs during tuberculosis therapy. N Engl J Med 2010; 362: 697706.
  • 13
    Podlekareva D, Mocroft A, Dragsted UB et al. Factors associated with the development of opportunistic infections in HIV-1-infected adults with high CD4 +  cell counts: a EuroSIDA study. J Infect Dis 2006; 194: 633641.
  • 14
    Kruk A, Bannister W, Podlekareva DN et al. Tuberculosis among HIV-positive patients across Europe: changes over time and risk factors. AIDS 2011; 25: 15051513.
  • 15
    von Gottberg A, Sacks L, Machala S, Blumberg L. Utility of blood cultures and incidence of mycobacteremia in patients with suspected tuberculosis in a South African infectious disease referral hospital. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2001; 5: 8086.
  • 16
    Esteban J, de Gorgolas M, Santos-O'Connor F, Gadea I, Fernández-Roblas R, Soriano F. Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteremia in a university hospital. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2001; 5: 763768.