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Keywords:

  • Post-traumatic stress;
  • protective factors;
  • refugees;
  • resilience;
  • trauma;
  • Thirdworld children

This paper presents the results of an exploratory study on the psychosocial effects of the war situation and subsequent fight on South Sudanese children who were compared to a group of Ugandan children who did not have these experiences of war and fight. In addition to the independent variables such as sociodemographic variables and traumatic events and dailylife stress, the dependent variable psychological consequences—according to parents and children themselves—as well as the influence of the mediating factors of social support and coping behaviour are presented.

Results showed that Sudanese refugee children had experienced significantly more traumatic events and suffered more daily hassles than the Ugandese comparison group. They were less satisfied with the social support they received. At the same time, they used more coping modes. Compared to Ugandan children, the Sudanese reported significantly more PTSD-like complaints, behavioural problems, and depressive symptoms.