We thank Paul Wilkins, Jason Davis, Dan Litvack, David Lozano, Susan Moseley, Carolyn Cheney, Julianne Dorne, Catherine Bremer, and Tricia Rigel for their excellent technical support. We also thank the personnel of the General Clinical Research Center, including Tomasina Wall, Dana Ciccone, Bob Rice, Dave Phillips, and the nursing staff headed by Teresa Sampsel for their excellent assistance and cooperation.
Neuroendocrine and cardiovascular reactivity to stress in mid-aged and older women: Long-term temporal consistency of individual differences
Article first published online: 29 APR 2003
Volume 40, Issue 3, pages 358–369, May 2003
How to Cite
Burleson, M. H., Poehlmann, K. M., Hawkley, L. C., Ernst, J. M., Berntson, G. G., Malarkey, W. B., Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K., Glaser, R. and Cacioppo, J. T. (2003), Neuroendocrine and cardiovascular reactivity to stress in mid-aged and older women: Long-term temporal consistency of individual differences. Psychophysiology, 40: 358–369. doi: 10.1111/1469-8986.00039
This work was supported in part by the training grant MH-18831 and grants MH-42096 and MH-50538 from the National Institutes of Mental Health; program project grant AG-11585 from the National Institute on Aging; a National Institute of Health grant to the General Clinical Research Center, M01 RR00034; and The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center core grant, CA 16058.
- Issue published online: 29 APR 2003
- Article first published online: 29 APR 2003
- (Received September 27, 2000; Accepted October 22, 2002)
- Cardiovascular reactivity;
- Neuroendocrine reactivity;
We report long-term temporal consistency of stress-related neuroendocrine and cardiovascular variables in mid-aged and older women who performed mental math and speech stress tasks two times approximately 1 year apart. Epinephrine, norepinephrine, ACTH, cortisol, cardiac preejection period (PEP), respiratory sinus arrhythmia, heart rate (HR), blood pressure, and respiration rate were measured at baseline, after or during stressors, and 30 min posttask. Although there were exceptions, year-to-year Spearman coefficients showed mostly moderate to high consistency (rs≈.5–.8) for baseline, stressor, and posttask values. For reactivity, HR and PEP were most consistent (rs≈.65); consistency for other variables was moderate to low (rs≈.1–.4). Means of most variables changed from year to year. Results support the use of baseline, stressor, and posttask values in longitudinal studies.