The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and characterisation of aerobic spore-forming bacteria originating from dairy milk in Tunisia. The distribution of Bacillus species in raw milk, pasteurised milk and UHT milk were 47.5%, 27.5% and 25%, respectively. Seven Bacillus species, including Bacillus pumilus (10%), Bacillus subtilis (12.5%), Brevibacillus brevis (10%), Bacillus cereus (22.5%), Bacillus sphaericus (7.5%), Bacillus licheniformis (12.5%) and Bacillus sporothermodurans (25%) were identified in different milk samples. Bacillus cereus was predominant in raw and pasteurised milk. Although B. sporothermodurans was the predominant sporogenous micro-organism in UHT milk, B. cereus, B. sphaericus and B. licheniformis were also present. This study showed that there is a high degree of diversity, both phenotypic and genotypic, among Bacillus isolates from Tunisian milk and the persistence of spoilage risk in UHT milk.