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Keywords:

  • Cronobacter [Enterobacter sakazakii];
  • Detection;
  • Typing

Cronobacter is a group of important foodborne pathogens that have been implicated in meningitis, sepsis and necrotising enterocolitis, especially in neonates through consumption of contaminated powdered infant formula (PIF). The detection of PIF contamination is of great concern to the infant formula industry. In this article, phenotypic and genotypic methods for detecting and typing Cronobacter are discussed in relation to minimising and controlling the risk of Cronobacter sp. contamination. To reliably detect and type Cronobacter strains, the use of conventional microbiological methods in combination with molecular assays is recommended.