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Keywords:

  • Bacillus amyloliquefaciens ;
  • Bacillus smithii ;
  • Tailing;
  • Spore aggregates;
  • UHT milk;
  • Heating system

This study was performed to assess the heat resistance of spores of Bacillus species in batch and continuous heating systems under commercial sterilisation conditions. Spores of thermophilic Bacillus smithii and mesophilic Bacillus amyloliquefaciens were found to be highly heat resistant in the batch system. They were able to withstand typical sterilisation temperatures. B. amyloliquefaciens showed tailing in the batch system and, before the onset of the tailing, a higher inactivation rate than in the continuous system at low temperatures. The reason for the tailing might be the presence of spore aggregates which are disrupted in the continuous system.