Medical versus surgical termination of pregnancy in primigravid women—is the next delivery differently at risk? A population-based register study

Authors


Correspondence: O Heikinheimo, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, PO Box 610, 00029-HUS, Helsinki, Finland. Email oskari.heikinheimo@helsinki.fi

Abstract

Objective

To compare the effect of medical versus surgical termination of pregnancy (TOP), performed in primigravid women, on subsequent delivery.

Design

Population-based register study.

Setting

Finland 2000–2009.

Population

All primigravid women (n = 8294) who underwent TOP during first trimester of pregnancy by medical (n = 3441) or surgical (n = 4853) method, and whose subsequent pregnancy resulted in singleton delivery.

Methods

The women were identified in the Finnish Register of Induced Abortions, and the data were linked to the Medical Birth and the Hospital Discharge Registries.

Main outcome measures

Risk of preterm birth, low birthweight, small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infant and placental complications (placenta praevia, placental abruption, retained placenta, placenta accreta).

Results

No statistically significant differences in the incidences of preterm birth (4.0% in the medical group versus 4.9% in the surgical group), low birthweight (3.4% versus 4.0%), SGA infants (2.6% versus 2.9%) or placental complications (2.6% versus 2.8%) emerged between the two groups. After adjusting for various background factors, medical TOP was not associated with significantly altered risks of preterm birth (odds ratio [OR] 0.87, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.68–1.13), low birthweight (OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.68–1.19), SGA infant (OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.64–1.20) or placental complications (OR 0.98, 95% CI 0.72–1.34) versus surgical TOP. In a sub-analysis excluding women who underwent surgical evacuation following the index TOP, medical TOP was associated with a reduced risk of preterm birth (< 0.01), but the difference became insignificant after adjusting for gestational age at the time of TOP, inter-pregnancy interval, maternal age, cohabitation status, socio-economic status, residence and smoking during pregnancy.

Conclusions

A history of one medical versus surgical TOP, performed in primigravid women, is associated with similar obstetric risks in the subsequent delivery.

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