• 1
    Hogan MC, Foreman KJ, Naghavi M, Ahn SY, Wang M, Makela SM, et al. Maternal mortality for 181 countries, 1980–2008: a systematic analysis of progress towards Millennium Development Goal 5. Lancet 2010;375:160923.
  • 2
    Khan K, Wojdyla D, Say L, Gülmezoglu AM, Van Look PFA. WHO analysis of causes of maternal death: a systematic review. Lancet 2006;367:106674.
  • 3
    Barros AJD, Ronsmans C, Axelson H, Loaiza E, Bertoldi AD, Franca GVA, et al. Equity in maternal, newborn, and child health interventions in Countdown to 2015: a retrospective review of survey data from 54 countries. Lancet 2012;379:122533.
  • 4
    El-Saharty S, Kebede S, Dubusho Po, Siadat B. Ethiopia: Improving Health Service Delivery. Washington DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction & Development/World Bank, 2009.
  • 5
    Central Statistical Agency. Ethiopia Demographic & Health Survey. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Central Statistical Agency; 2012.
  • 6
    Bedford J, Gandhi M, Admassu M, Girma A. ‘A normal delivery takes place at home’: a qualitative study of the location of childbirth in rural Ethiopia. Matern Child Health J 2012; DOI:10.1007/s10995-012-0965-3. Epub ahead of print.
  • 7
    Fantu S, Segni H, Alemseged F. Incidence, cause and outcome of obstructed labour in Jimma University specialised hospital. Ethiop J Health Sci 2010;20:14551.
  • 8
    Alemayehu W, Ballard K, Wright J. Primary repair of obstetric uterine rupture can be safely undertaken by non-specialist clinicians in rural Ethiopia: a case series of 386 women. BJOG 2013;120;4:5058.
  • 9
    World Health Organization. Mother–Baby-Package: Implementing Safe Motherhood in Countries. Geneva: WHO, 1996.
  • 10
    Unicef. Ethiopia. Statistics. []. Accessed 7 September 2012.
  • 11
    Pembe A, Urassa D, Darji E, Carlstedt A, Olsson P. Qualitative study of maternal referrals in rural Tanzania: decision making and acceptance of referral advice. Afr J Reprod Health 2008;12:12031.
  • 12
    von Both C, Flessa S, Makuwani A, Mpembeni R, Jahn A. How much time do health services spend on antenatal care? Implications for the introduction of the focussed antenatal care model in Tanzania. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2006;6:22.
  • 13
    Jahn A, Dar lang M, Shah U, Diesfeld HJ. Maternity care in rural Nepal: a health service analysis. Trop Med Int Health 2000;5:65765.
  • 14
    Nigussie M, Mariam DH, Mitike G. Assessment of safe delivery service utilization among women of childbearing age in north Gondor Zone, North West Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Dev 2004;18:14552.
  • 15
    Mulumebet A, Gebremariam A, Belachew T. Predictors of safe delivery service utilisation in Arsi Zone, South-East Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Sci 2011;21:95106.
  • 16
    Prata N, Gessessew A, Abraha AK, Holston M, Potts M. Prevention of postpartum haemorrhage: options for home births in rural Ethiopia. Afr J Reprod Health 2009;13:8795.
  • 17
    Kruk M, Paczkowski M, Mbaruku G, de Pinho H, Galea S. Women's preferences for place of delivery in rural Tanzania: a population-based discrete choice experiment. Am J Public Health 2009;99:166672.
  • 18
    Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ministry of Health. National Reproductive Strategy, 2006–2015. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: FMOH, 2006.