Authors' Reply


Kelly correctly draws attention to Ethiopian women's preferences to retain their uterus,[1] even in the catastrophic circumstances of uterine rupture. Although there is no clear evidence to suggest that uterine repair is clinically preferable to hysterectomy, a study of 110 cases of uterine rupture in India[2] demonstrated a mortality rate of 35% when uterine rupture was treated by hysterectomy and only 9% when treated by primary repair. There is, of course, an absence of reliable data on women who died in their homes or on the way to the hospital.

Our study was based in a mission hospital that did not have a resident obstetrician and had limited facilities. In this situation, uterine repair is a simpler procedure to perform than hysterectomy, and as we revealed, carried a relatively low mortality rate of <5%. Ethiopian-based studies from Kelly and colleagues,[3, 4] together with a Saudi Arabian study[5] have usefully followed up women after uterine repair and demonstrate that delivery by elective caesarean section is safe. As Kelly rightly points out, it is essential that women who have had a uterine rupture stay in maternity waiting areas/houses for 2 or 3 weeks before their expected delivery date, ensuring rapid access to hospital facilities when labour begins.

Interventions such as ultrasound-enhanced antenatal risk screening, that identify individuals at high risk of a complicated delivery,[6] allow women to make arrangements to attend appropriate maternity facilities and should have a major impact on maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity and allow women to deliver safely even when they have had life-threatening previous complications such as uterine rupture.


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  2. References
  • 1
    Kelly J. Primary repair of obstetric uterine rupture can be safely undertaken by non-specialist clinicians in rural Ethiopia: a case series of 386 women. BJOG 2013;120:1029.
  • 2
    Chatterjee S, Bhaduri S. Clinical analysis of 40 cases of uterine rupture at Dugapur Subdivisional Hospital: an observational study. J Indian Med Assoc 2007;105:5102.
  • 3
    Fiduku S, Kelly J, Lancele R, Poovan P, Redith A. Ruptured uterus in Ethiopia. Lancet 1997;349:622.
  • 4
    Fiduku S, Kelly J, Lancele R, Poovan P, Redith A. A follow up of repair of ruptured uterus in Ethiopia. J Obstet Gynaecol 1999;18:502.
  • 5
    Al Qahtani NH, Al Hajeri F. Pregnancy outcome and fertility after complete uterine rupture: a report of 20 pregnancies and a review of the literature. Arch Gynecol Obstet 2011;284:11236.
  • 6
    Ballard K, Gari L, Mosisa H, Wright J. Provision of individualised obstetric risk advice to increase health facility by women at increased risk of a complicated delivery: a cohort study of women in the rural highlands of West Ethiopia. BJOG 2013;120:9718.