Making health services adolescent friendly: developing national quality standards for adolescent-friendly health services
This guidance document, published by the World Health Organization, sets out the rationale for allowing young people easier access to the health services that they require including sexual and reproductive health services. Aimed at government public health managers, the guidebook outlines a five-step process for developing quality standards for adolescent-friendly health services and provides guidance on how to assess whether these standards have been achieved. The five-step process involves: (i) developing a shared understanding of adolescent health and strengthening health service provision to adolescents; (ii) establishing the basis for formulating the national quality standards for health service provision to adolescents, in national HIV/AIDS and/or reproductive health policies and strategies; (iii) examining the programmatic implications of applying the national quality standards; (iv) developing the national standards; (v) outlining essential preparatory work at national levels before the quality standards can be applied. Issues discussed include: what are the health problems that adolescents experience? What barriers do adolescents face in obtaining health services? What is already being done to make health services adolescent friendly? What can be done to improve the service delivered to adolescents? Helpful resources that can be used to conduct a workshop to develop appropriate national quality standards are also provided including a set of workshop facilitator slides. (http://www.who.int/entity/maternal_child_adolescent/documents/adolescent_friendly_health_services_2012.ppt).
Health in the post-2015 agenda: report of the Global Thematic Consultation on Health
This report was produced by the Task Team for the Global Thematic Consultation on Health in the post-2015 development agenda and summarises the main findings and messages from an international consultation to gather views on how best to ensure the health of future generations. The consultation, which took place between September 2012 and March 2013 (and in which over 150 000 people from around the world took part) had three main objectives: (i) to stimulate wide-ranging discussion at global, regional and country levels on progress made and lessons learnt from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) relating to health; (ii) to discuss and develop a shared understanding among member States, United Nations agencies, civil society and other stakeholders on the positioning of health in the post-2015 development framework; (iii) to propose health goals and related targets and indicators for the post-2015 development agenda, as well as approaches for implementation, measurement and monitoring. An overview of progress towards achieving the MDGs, including MDG3 (promote gender equality and empower women) and MDG5 (improve maternal health), is provided, opportunities and challenges regarding health priorities post-2015 are examined and the accountability framework for women's and children's health is discussed. The report proposes several recommendations for what should be included in a post-2015 agenda including: specifying health-related targets; that a more holistic, life-course approach to people's health with an emphasis on health promotion and disease prevention should be taken; progress should be accelerated in areas where MDG targets have been missed and more ambitious targets for the future should be set; the need to address the growing burden of noncommunicable diseases, mental health issues and other emerging health challenges; the need to ensure sexual and reproductive health and rights are being met. The above recommendations will inform the discussions of the High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons and the UN Secretary-General's report to the General Assembly.
ProPAN: Process for the Promotion of Child Feeding—a tool to improve infant and young child feeding
This tool, developed by the Pan American Health Organization, the World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund, provides guidance on how to design, implement and evaluate both programmes and individual interventions to help improve the feeding and diet of infants and young children. The tool outlines a process to identify dietary and feeding problems in specific populations, a method to aid the formulation of dietary and feeding recommendations, examples of forms to be used for data collection, software allowing for the standardisation of the output of the anthropometric, diet and feeding information collected, and detailed guidance on how to convert all the information gathered into a targeted intervention or programme. Information is also provided on logistics and resource requirements including estimated budgets, required staffing levels and an envisaged time frame. The downloadable ProPAN tool consists of an interactive field manual containing step-by-step guidelines regarding quantitative and qualitative research methods and data collection, an Epi Info™ based software program to be used for data entry and analysis and a detailed software user guide. The software is available in Spanish, French and English.
Facts for family planning
This handbook, developed by the US Agency for International Development and Family Health International (FHI 360), is aimed at everyone (including, for example, programme managers, counsellors, social workers, religious leaders and community health workers) who is involved in communicating information about family planning and reproductive health to people in low-resource settings. The handbook provides information, examples and resources to help in the development of training resources, in communicating key messages and in producing advocacy materials. Topics covered by the handbook include: promoting family planning; planning families; delaying first pregnancy; spacing pregnancies; completing the family; understanding fertility; family planning methods; family planning after miscarriage or abortion; unmarried young people and unintended pregnancy; family planning and sexually transmitted infections including HIV. Each chapter contains: an introduction; key facts to share that can be translated into local languages and included in advocacy policies, mass media campaigns, outreach materials, counselling resources and communication tools; and supporting information. A useful resource list with links to further information is also provided.