The effect of endometriosis on in vitro fertilisation outcome: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Article first published online: 3 JUL 2013
© 2013 RCOG
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Volume 120, Issue 11, pages 1308–1320, October 2013
How to Cite
The effect of endometriosis on in vitro fertilisation outcome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BJOG 2013;120:1308–1320., , , , .
- Issue published online: 11 SEP 2013
- Article first published online: 3 JUL 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 21 MAY 2013
- Assisted reproduction;
- in vitro fertilisation;
- intracytoplasmic sperm injection;
- systematic review
Endometriosis is found in 0.5–5% of fertile women and 25–40% of infertile women. It is known that endometriosis is associated with infertility, but there is uncertainty whether women with endometriosis have adverse pregnancy outcomes in in vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment.
To explore the association between endometriosis and IVF outcome.
Searches were conducted on MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and Web of Science (inception, December 2012) in all languages, together with reference lists of retrieved papers.
Studies comparing IVF outcome in women with endometriosis with women without endometriosis. Patients were classified by stage of endometriosis. The outcomes were fertilisation, implantation, clinical pregnancy and live birth rates. Study selection was conducted independently by two reviewers. The Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale was used for quality assessment.
Data collection and analysis
Data extraction was conducted independently by two reviewers. Relative risks from individual studies were meta-analysed.
Twenty-seven observational studies were included, comprising 8984 women. Meta-analysis of these studies showed that fertilisation rates were reduced in stage I/II of endometriosis (relative risk [RR] = 0.93, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.87–0.99, P = 0.03). There was a decrease in the implantation rate (RR = 0.79, 95% CI 0.67–0.93, P = 0.006) and clinical pregnancy rate (RR = 0.79, 95% CI 0.69–0.91, P = 0.0008) in women with stage III/IV endometriosis undergoing IVF treatment.
The presence of severe endometriosis (stage III/IV) is associated with poor implantation and clinical pregnancy rates in women undergoing IVF treatment.