• 1
    Reed BD, Harlow SD, Sen A, Legocki LJ, Edwards RM, Arato N, et al. Prevalence and demographic characteristics of vulvodynia in a population-based sample. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2012;206:170 e1–9.
  • 2
    Reed BD, Haefner HK, Sen A, Gorenflo DW. Vulvodynia incidence and remission rates among adult women: a 2-year follow-up study. Obstet Gynecol 2008;112:2317.
  • 3
    Harlow BL, Stewart EG. A population-based assessment of chronic unexplained vulvar pain: have we underestimated the prevalence of vulvodynia? J Am Med Womens Assoc 2003;58:828.
  • 4
    Sutton JT, Bachmann GA, Arnold LD, Rhoads GG, Rosen RC. Assessment of vulvodynia symptoms in a sample of U.S. women: a follow-up national incidence survey. J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2008;17:128592.
  • 5
    Reed BD, Cantor LE. Vulvodynia in preadolescent girls. J Low Genit Tract Dis 2008;12:25761.
  • 6
    Bouchard C, Brisson J, Fortier M, Morin C, Blanchette C. Use of oral contraceptive pills and vulvar vestibulitis: a case-control study. Am J Epidemiol 2002;156:25461.
  • 7
    Bazin S, Bouchard C, Brisson J, Morin C, Meisels A, Fortier M. Vulvar vestibulitis syndrome: an exploratory case-control study. Obstet Gynecol 1994;83:4750.
  • 8
    Harlow BL, Vitonis AF, Stewart EG. Influence of oral contraceptive use on the risk of adult-onset vulvodynia. J Reprod Med 2008;53:10210.
  • 9
    Sjoberg I, Nylander Lundqvist EN. Vulvar vestibulitis in the north of Sweden. An epidemiologic case-control study. J Reprod Med 1997;42:1668.
  • 10
    Tchoudomirova K, Mardh PA, Hellberg D. Vaginal microbiological flora, and behavioural and clinical findings in women with vulvar pain. BJOG 2001;108:4515.
  • 11
    Danielsson I, Sjoberg I, Stenlund H, Wikman M. Prevalence and incidence of prolonged and severe dyspareunia in women: results from a population study. Scand J Public Health 2003;31:1138.
  • 12
    Bachmann G, Rosen R, Arnold L, Burd I, Rhoads G, Leiblum S, et al. Chronic vulvar and other gynecologic pain: prevalence and characteristics in a self-reported survey. J Reprod Med 2006;51: 39.
  • 13
    Reed BD, Haefner HK, Harlow SD, Gorenflo DW, Sen A. Reliability and validity of self-reported symptoms for predicting vulvodynia. Obstet Gynecol 2006;108:90613.
  • 14
    Berglund AL, Nigaard L, Rylander E. Vulvar pain, sexual behavior and genital infections in a young population: a pilot study. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2002;81:73842.
  • 15
    Reed BD, Sen A, Gracely RH. Effect of test order on sensitivity in vulvodynia. J Reprod Med 2007;52:199206.
  • 16
    Foster DC. Case-control study of vulvar vestibulitis syndrome. J Womens Health 1995;6:67780.
  • 17
    Battaglia C, Battaglia B, Mancini F, Busacchi P, Paganotto MC, Morotti E, et al. Sexual behavior and oral contraception: a pilot study. J Sex Med 2012;9:5507.
  • 18
    Caruso S, Agnello C, Intelisano G, Farina M, Di Mari L, Cianci A. Sexual behavior of women taking low-dose oral contraceptive containing 15 microg ethinylestradiol/60 microg gestodene. Contraception 2004;69:23740.
  • 19
    Caruso S, Iraci Sareri M, Agnello C, Romano M, Lo Presti L, Malandrino C, et al. Conventional versus extended-cycle oral contraceptives on the quality of sexual life: comparison between two regimens containing 3 mg drospirenone and 20 microg ethinyl estradiol. J Sex Med 2011;8:147885.
  • 20
    Harlow BL, Vazquez G, MacLehose RF, Erickson DJ, Oakes JM, Duval SJ. Self-reported vulvar pain characteristics and their association with clinically confirmed vestibulodynia. J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2009;18:133340.