Correction added on 16 August 2013, after first online publication: A Sainio corrected to S Sainio
Associations of maternal age with maternity care use and birth outcomes in primiparous women: a comparison of results in 1991 and 2008 in Finland
Article first published online: 14 AUG 2013
© 2013 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Volume 121, Issue 3, pages 356–362, February 2014
How to Cite
Associations of maternal age with maternity care use and birth outcomes in primiparous women: a comparison of results in 1991 and 2008 in Finland. BJOG 2014;121:356–362., , , .
- Issue published online: 16 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 14 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 26 JUN 2013
- Academy of Finland. Grant Number: 127402
- The National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL)
- Advanced maternal age;
- birth outcomes;
- maternity care use;
- primiparous women;
- register study
To compare birth outcomes and maternity care use in 1991 and 2008 by age among primiparous Finnish women.
Nationwide Medical Birth Register.
All primiparous women in 1991 (n = 24 765) and 2008 (n = 23 511).
Women aged 35–39 and ≥40 years were compared with women aged 20–34 years in 1991 and 2008, using logistic regression to adjust for women's background.
Main outcome measures
Maternity care: prenatal visits, hospitalisation during pregnancy, labour induction, delivery mode, long postpartum hospital stay; and birth outcomes: birthweight, preterm birth, Apgar scores, intensive/observation unit, respiratory care, perinatal death.
In both years, older women's deliveries were more often induced, instrumental, or by caesarean section. In 2008 compared with 1991, hospitalisations were lower and instrumental deliveries and labour induction were higher in older women. A significant decrease in adjusted odds ratios (OR, 95% confidence intervals) between 1991 and 2008 among women aged 35–39 was found for preterm birth (1.47, 1.18–1.84 versus 0.96, 0.86–1.07) and for intensive/observation unit (1.73, 1.47–2.05 versus 1.21, 1.07–1.37) and, among women aged ≥40 years, for intensive/observation unit (3.14, 2.30–4.29 versus 1.64, 1.31–2.07). The risk for perinatal death (1.66, 0.60–4.60 versus 2.69, 1.07–6.79) was higher in 2008 than in 1991 among women aged ≥40.
In 2008, older primiparous women still used more maternity care, had more interventions, and poorer birth outcomes than younger women, regardless of care advances. Additional risks declined among women aged 35–39 but not among aged ≥40.