• 1
    Judson P, Habermann E, Baxter N, Durham S, Virnig B. Trends in the incidence of invasive and in situ vulvar carcinoma. Obstet Gynecol 2006;107:101822.
  • 2
    Siegel R, Ward E, Brawley O, Jemal A. Cancer statistics, 2011: the impact of eliminating socioeconomic and racial disparities on premature cancer deaths. CA Cancer J Clin 2011;61:21236.
  • 3
    Beller U, Quinn M, Benedet J, Creasman W, Ngan H, Maisonneuve P, et al. Carcinoma of the vulva. FIGO 26th Annual Report on the Results of Treatment in Gynecological Cancer. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2006;95(Suppl 1):S727.
  • 4
    Woelber L, Trillsch F, Kock L, Grimm D, Petersen C, Choschzick M, et al. Management of patients with vulvar cancer: a perspective review according to tumour stage. Ther Adv Med Oncol 2013;5:18392.
  • 5
    Kumar S, Shah JP, Bryant CS, Imudia AN, Morris RT, Malone JM Jr. A comparison of younger vs older women with vulvar cancer in the United States. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2009;200:e525.
  • 6
    Fuh KC, Berek JS. Current management of vulvar cancer. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 2012;26:4562.
  • 7
    Schonberg MA, Marcantonio ER, Li D, Silliman RA, Ngo L, McCarthy EP. Breast cancer among the oldest old: tumour characteristics, treatment choices, and survival. J Clin Oncol 2010;28:203845.
  • 8
    Cykert S, Dilworth-Anderson P, Monroe MH, Walker P, McGuire FR, Corbie-Smith G, et al. Factors associated with decisions to undergo surgery among patients with newly diagnosed early-stage lung cancer. JAMA 2010;303:236876.
  • 9
    Sharma C, Deutsch I, Horowitz DP, Hershman DL, Lewin SN, Lu YS, et al. Patterns of care and treatment outcomes for elderly women with cervical cancer. Cancer 2012;118:361826.
  • 10
    Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program Research Data (1973–2009), National Cancer Institute, DCCPS, Surveillance Research Program, Surveillance Systems Branch, released April 2012, based on the November 2011 submission. []. Accessed 15 September 2013.
  • 11
    Hacker NF. Revised FIGO staging for carcinoma of the vulva. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2009;105:1056.
  • 12
    US Census Bureau. US interim projections by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, 2004 []. Accessed 15 September 2013.
  • 13
    Yancik R. Population aging and cancer: a cross-national concern. Cancer J 2005;11:43741.
  • 14
    Spencer RJ, Young RH, Goodman A. The risk of squamous cell carcinoma in persistent vulvar ulcers. Menopause 2011;18:106771.
  • 15
    Chang GJ, Skibber JM, Feig BW, Rodriguez-Bigas M. Are we undertreating rectal cancer in the elderly? An epidemiologic study Ann Surg 2007;246:21521.
  • 16
    Kircher T, Nelson J, Burdo H. The autopsy as a measure of accuracy of the death certificate. N Engl J Med 1985;313:12639.
  • 17
    Percy C, Stanek E III, Gloeckler L. Accuracy of cancer death certificates and its effect on cancer mortality statistics. Am J Public Health 1981;71:24250.
  • 18
    Percy CL, Miller BA, Gloeckler Ries LA. Effect of changes in cancer classification and the certificates on trends in cancer mortality. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1990;609:8799.
  • 19
    Brinkley D, Haybittle JL, Alderson MR. Death certification in cancer of the breast. BMJ 1984;289:4657.
  • 20
    Cornelison TL, Trimble EL, Kosary CL. SEER data, corpus uteri cancer: treatment trends versus survival for FIGO stage II, 1988–1994. Gynecol Oncol 1999;74:3505.
  • 21
    Stroup AM, Harlan LC, Trimble EL. Demographic, clinical, and treatment trends among women diagnosed with vulvar cancer in the United States. Gynecol Oncol 2008;108:57783.
  • 22
    Bennett CL, Greenfield S, Aronow H, Ganz P, Vogelzang NJ, Elashoff RM. Patterns of care related to age of men with prostate cancer. Cancer 1991;6:263341.
  • 23
    Greenfield S, Blanco DM, Elashoff RM, Ganz PA. Patterns of care related to age of breast cancer patients. JAMA 1987;257:276670.
  • 24
    Hamel MB, Teno JM, Goldman L, Lynn J, Davis RB, Galanos AN, et al. Patient age and decisions to withhold life-sustaining treatments from seriously ill, hospitalized adults. SUPPORT Investigators. Study to Understand Prognoses and Preferences for Outcomes and Risks of Treatment. Ann Intern Med 1999;130:11625.
  • 25
    Muss HB, Cohen HJ, Lichtman SM. Clinical research in the older cancer patient. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 2000;14:28391.
  • 26
    Canavan TP, Cohen D. Vulvar cancer. Am Fam Physician 2002;66:126974, 1276.
  • 27
    Saslow D, Solomon D, Lawson HW, Killackey M, Kulasingam SL, Cain J, et al. American Cancer Society, American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, and American Society for Clinical Pathology screening guidelines for the prevention and early detection of cervical cancer. Am J Clin Pathol 2012;137:51642.
  • 28
    Moyer VA. Test article sample title placed here. Ann Intern Med 2012;156:88091.
  • 29
    Crum CP. Carcinoma of the vulva: epidemiology and pathogenesis. Obstet Gynecol 1992;79:44854.
  • 30
    Smith BD, Smith GL, Hurria A, Hortobagyi GN, Buchholz TA. Future of cancer incidence in the United States: burdens upon an aging, changing nation. J Clin Oncol 2009;27:275865.