SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Niebyl JR. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. N Engl J Med 2010;363:154455.
  • 2
    Jarvis S, Nelson-Piercy C. Management of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. BMJ 2011;342:140712.
  • 3
    Jueckerstock JK, Kaestner R, Mylonas I. Managing hyperemesis gravidarum: a multimodal approach. BMC Med 2010;8:46.
  • 4
    Matthews A, Dowswell T, Haas DM, Doyle M, O'Mathúna DP. Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2010:CD007575.
  • 5
    Nelson-Piercy C, Fayers P, de Swiet M. Randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of corticosteroids for the treatment of hyperemesis gravidarum. BJOG 2001;108:915.
  • 6
    Bolin M, Akerud H, Cnattingius S, Stephansson O, Wikström A. Hyperemesis gravidarum and risks of placental dysfunction disorders: a population-based cohort study. BJOG 2013;120:5417.
  • 7
    Bailit JL. Hyperemesis gravidarum: epidemiologic findings from a large cohort. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2005;193:8114.
  • 8
    Veenendaal MV, Van Abeelen AF, Painter RC, van der Post JA, Roseboom TJ. Consequences of hyperemesis gravidarum for offspring: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BJOG 2011;118:130213.
  • 9
    Roseboom TJ, Ravelli AC, van der Post JA, Painter RC. Maternal characteristics largely explain poor pregnancy outcome after hyperemesis gravidarum. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2011;156:569.
  • 10
    Gross S, Librach C, Cecutti A. Maternal weight loss associated with hyperemesis gravidarum: a predictor of fetal outcome. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1989;160:9069.
  • 11
    Maina A, Todros T. A novel approach to hyperemesis gravidarum: evaluation by a VAS score and treatment with transdermal clonidine. Obst Med 2011;4:1569.
  • 12
    Kenward MG, Jones B. The analysis of data from 2 × 2 cross-over trials with baseline measurements. Stat Med 1987;6:91126.
  • 13
    Koren G, Boskovic R, Hard M, Maltepe C, Navioz Y, Einarson A. Motherisk PUQE scoring system for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. Am J Obst Gynecol 2002;186:S22931.
  • 14
    Koren G, Piwko C, Ahn E, Boskovic R, Maltepe C, Einarson A. Validation studies of Pregnancy Unique-Quantification of Emesis (PUQE) scores. J Obstetr Gynecol 2005;25:2414.
  • 15
    Wijeysundera DN, Bender JS, Beattie WS. Alpha-2 adrenergic agonists for the prevention of cardiac complications among patients undergoing surgery. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2009:CD00412.
  • 16
    Wallet F, Clement HJ, Bouret C, Lopez F, Broisin F, Pignal C, et al. Effects of a continuous low-dose clonidine epidural regimen on pain, satisfaction and adverse events during labour: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2010;27:4417.
  • 17
    Gold MS, Redmond DE Jr, Kleber HD. Clonidine blocks acute opiate-withdrawal symptoms. Lancet 1978;ii:599602.
  • 18
    Tourette's Syndrome Study Group. Treatment of ADHD in children with tics: a randomized controlled trial. Neurology 2002;58:52736.
  • 19
    Loprinzi CL, Barton DL, Sloan JA, Novotni PJ, Dakhil SR, Verdirame JD, et al. Mayo Clinic and North Central Cancer Treatment Group hot flash studies: a 20-year experience. Menopause 2008;15:65560.
  • 20
    Handa F, Fujii Y. The efficacy of oral clonidine premedication in the prevention of postoperative vomiting in children following strabismus surgery. Paediatr Anaesth 2001;11:714.
  • 21
    Oddby-Muhrbeck E, Eksborg S, Bergendahl HT, Muhrbeck O, Lönnqvist PA. Effects of clonidine on postoperative nausea and vomiting in breast cancer surgery. Anesthesiology 2002;96:110914.
  • 22
    Taheri A, Javadimanesh MA, Ashraf H. The effect of oral clonidine premedication on nausea and vomiting after ear surgery. Middle East J Anesthesiol 2010;20:691.
  • 23
    Robichaud A, Savoie C, Stamatiou PB, Tattersall FD, Chan CC. PDE4 inhibitors induce emesis in ferrets via a noradrenergic pathway. Neuropharmacology 2001;40:2629.
  • 24
    Regunathan S, Reis DJ. Imidazoline receptors and their endogenous ligands. Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol 1996;36:51144.
  • 25
    Maze M, Tranquilli W. Alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonists: defining the role in clinical anesthesia. Anesthesiology 1991;7:5816.
  • 26
    Buchanan ML, Easterling TR, Carr DB, Shen DD, Risler LJ, Nelson WL, et al. Clonidine pharmacokinetics in pregnancy. Drug Metab Dispos 2009;37:7025.
  • 27
    Claessens AJ, Risler LJ, Eyal S, Shen DD, Easterling TR, Hebert MF. CYP2D6 mediates 4-hydroxylation of clonidine in vitro: implication for pregnancy-induced changes in clonidine clearance. Drug Metab Dispos 2010;38:13936.
  • 28
    Rothberger S, Carr D, Brateng D, Hebert M, Easterling TR. Pharmacodynamics of clonidine therapy in pregnancy: a heterogeneous maternal response impacts fetal growth. Am J Hypertens 2010;23:123440.