SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Brown MA, Lindheimer MD, de Swiet M, Van Assche A, Moutquin JM. The classification and diagnosis of the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: statement from the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy (ISSHP). Hypertens Pregnancy 2001;20:IXXIV.
  • 2
    Adelberg AM, Miller J, Doerzbacher M, Lambers DS. Correlation of quantitative protein measurements in 8-, 12-, and 24-hour urine samples for the diagnosis of preeclampsia. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2001;185:8047.
  • 3
    Cote AM, Firoz T, Mattman A, Lam EM, von Dadelszen P, Magee LA. The 24-hour urine collection: gold standard or historical practice? Am J Obstet Gynecol 2008;199:625. e1–6.
  • 4
    Lindheimer MD, Katz AI. Kidney function and disease in pregnancy. Philadelphia, PA: Lea and Febiger, 1977.
  • 5
    Dure-Smith P. Pregnancy dilatation of the urinary tract. The iliac sign and its significance. Radiology 1970;96:54550.
  • 6
    Ramos JG, Martins-Costa SH, Mathias MM, Guerin YL, Barros EG. Urinary protein/creatinine ratio in hypertensive pregnant women. Hypertens Pregnancy 1999;18:20918.
  • 7
    Price CP, Newall RG, Boyd JC. Use of protein:creatinine ratio measurements on random urine samples for prediction of significant proteinuria: a systematic review. Clin Chem 2005;51:157786.
  • 8
    Cote AM, Brown MA, Lam E, von Dadelszen P, Firoz T, Liston RM, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of urinary spot protein:creatinine ratio for proteinuria in hypertensive pregnant women: systematic review. BMJ 2008;336:10036.
  • 9
    Lindheimer MD, Kanter D. Interpreting abnormal proteinuria in pregnancy: the need for a more pathophysiological approach. Obstet Gynecol 2010;115:36575.
  • 10
    Waugh JJ, Clark TJ, Divakaran TG, Khan KS, Kilby MD. Accuracy of urinalysis dipstick techniques in predicting significant proteinuria in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol 2004;103:76977.
  • 11
    Ferrazzani S, Caruso A, De Carolis S, Martino IV, Mancuso S. Proteinuria and outcome of 444 pregnancies complicated by hypertension. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1990;162:36671.
  • 12
    Vassalotti JA, Stevens LA, Levey AS. Testing for chronic kidney disease: a position statement from the National Kidney Foundation. Am J Kidney Dis 2007;50:16980.
  • 13
    Visintin C, Mugglestone MA, Almerie MQ, Nherera LM, James D, Walkinshaw S, et al. Management of hypertensive disorders during pregnancy: summary of NICE guidance. BMJ 2010;341:c2207.
  • 14
    Gonsales Valerio E, Lopes Ramos JG, Martins-Costa SH, Muller AL. Variation in the urinary protein/creatinine ratio at four different periods of the day in hypertensive pregnant women. Hypertens Pregnancy 2005;24:21321.
  • 15
    Morris RK, Riley RD, Doug M, Deeks JJ, Kilby MD. Diagnostic accuracy of spot urinary protein and albumin to creatinine ratios for detection of significant proteinuria or adverse pregnancy outcome in patients with suspected pre-eclampsia: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ 2012;345:e4342.
  • 16
    Lindow SW, Davey DA. The variability of urinary protein and creatinine excretion in patients with gestational proteinuric hypertension. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1992;99:86972.