This paper presents the results of a taphonomic, comparative study on some South African species of small carnivores, and the effects they have on micromammalian prey skeletons in terms of breakage patterns, body part representation and etching from digestion. The results from a study of modern serval scats suggest that the taphonomic pattern found on prey remains from this felid may share more in common with some of the owls, diurnal birds of prey and other small carnivores than previously realized.