This essay surveys scholarship in English on early modern commonplace books from 1971 through 2011. In their purest form, commonplace books were written in Latin by schoolboys who organized sententiae under topic headings, but educated amateurs of both genders used and adapted the form well into the seventeenth century. Recent research in this field demonstrates that commonplace book compilation intersects with a number of areas, such as education, reading, memory, religion, politics, science, and music. Scholarship on individual manuscript and printed commonplace books enriches our understanding of the multiple ways in which readers interacted with texts and with the world around them. (V.E.B.)