The Relationship between Older Americans Act Title III State Expenditures and Prevalence of Low-Care Nursing Home Residents

Authors


Address correspondence to Kali S. Thomas, Ph.D., M.A., Center for Gerontology and Healthcare Research, Brown University, Box G-S121(6), Providence, RI 02912; e-mail: Kali_Thomas@brown.edu.

Abstract

Objective

To test the relationship between older Americans Act (OAA) program expenditures and the prevalence of low-care residents in nursing homes (NHs).

Data Sources and Collection

Two secondary data sources: State Program Reports (state expenditure data) and NH facility-level data downloaded from LTCfocUS.org for 16,030 US NHs (2000–2009).

Study Design

Using a two-way fixed effects model, we examined the relationship between state spending on OAA services and the percentage of low-care residents in NHs, controlling for facility characteristics, market characteristics, and secular trends.

Principal Findings

Results indicate that increased spending on home-delivered meals was associated with fewer residents in NHs with low-care needs.

Conclusions

States that have invested in their community-based service networks, particularly home-delivered meal programs, have proportionally fewer low-care NH residents.

Ancillary