Incentivizing Primary Care Providers to Innovate: Building Medical Homes in the Post-Katrina New Orleans Safety Net
Article first published online: 26 JUN 2013
© Health Research and Educational Trust
Health Services Research
Volume 49, Issue 1, pages 75–92, February 2014
How to Cite
Rittenhouse, D. R., Schmidt, L. A., Wu, K. J. and Wiley, J. (2014), Incentivizing Primary Care Providers to Innovate: Building Medical Homes in the Post-Katrina New Orleans Safety Net. Health Services Research, 49: 75–92. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.12080
- Issue published online: 17 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 26 JUN 2013
- The Commonwealth Fund
- Primary care;
- health reform;
- medical home;
- community clinics
To evaluate safety-net clinics’ responses to a novel community-wide Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) financial incentive program in post-Katrina New Orleans.
Data Sources/Study Setting
Between June 2008 and June 2010, we studied 50 primary care clinics in New Orleans receiving federal funds to expand services and improve care delivery.
Multiwave, longitudinal, observational study of a local safety-net primary care system.
Clinic-level data from a semiannual survey of clinic leaders (89.3 percent response rate), augmented by administrative records.
Overall, 62 percent of the clinics responded to financial incentives by achieving PCMH recognition from the National Committee on Quality Assurance (NCQA). Higher patient volume, higher baseline PCMH scores, and type of ownership were significant predictors of achieving NCQA recognition. The steepest increase in adoption of PCMH processes occurred among clinics achieving the highest, Level 3, NCQA recognition. Following NCQA recognition, 88.9 percent stabilized or increased their use of PCMH processes, although several specific PCMH processes had very low rates of adoption overall.
Findings demonstrate that widespread PCMH implementation is possible in a safety-net environment when external financial incentives are aligned with the goal of practice innovation.