Do Provider Service Networks Result in Lower Expenditures Compared with HMOs or Primary Care Case Management in Florida's Medicaid Program?

Authors

  • Jeffrey S. Harman Ph.D.,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Health Services Research, Management and Policy, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL
    • Address correspondence to Jeffrey S. Harman, Ph.D., Department of Health Services Research, Management and Policy, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, PO Box 100195, Gainesville, FL 32610-0195; e-mail: jharman@phhp.ufl.edu.

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  • Allyson G. Hall Ph.D.,

    1. Department of Health Services Research, Management and Policy, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL
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  • Christy H. Lemak Ph.D.,

    1. Department of Health Management and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
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  • R. Paul Duncan

    1. Department of Health Services Research, Management and Policy, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL
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Abstract

Objective

To determine the impact of Florida's Medicaid Demonstration 4 years post-implementation on per member per month (PMPM) Medicaid expenditures and whether receiving care through HMOs versus provider service networks (PSNs) in the Demonstration was associated with PMPM expenditures.

Data

Florida Medicaid claims from two fiscal years prior to implementation of the Demonstration (FY0405, FY0506) and the first four fiscal years after implementation (FY0607-FY0910) from two urban Demonstration counties and two urban non-Demonstration counties.

Study Design

A difference-in-difference approach was used to compare changes in enrollee expenditures before and after implementation of the Demonstration overall and specifically for HMOs and PSNs.

Data Extraction

Claims data were extracted for enrollees in the Demonstration and non-Demonstration counties and collapsed into monthly amounts (N = 26,819,987 person-months).

Principal Findings

Among SSI enrollees, the Demonstration resulted in lower increases in PMPM expenditures over time ($40) compared with the non-Demonstration counties ($186), with Demonstration PSNs lowering PMPM expenditures by $7 more than HMOs. Savings were also seen among TANF enrollees but to a lesser extent.

Conclusions

The Medicaid Demonstration in Florida appears to result in lower PMPM expenditures. Demonstration PSNs generated slightly greater reductions in expenditures compared to Demonstration HMOs. PSNs appear to be a promising model for delivering care to Medicaid enrollees.

Ancillary