The Burden of Inappropriate Emergency Department Pediatric Visits: Why Italy Needs an Urgent Reform
Article first published online: 5 FEB 2014
© Health Research and Educational Trust
Health Services Research
Volume 49, Issue 4, pages 1290–1305, August 2014
How to Cite
Vedovetto, A., Soriani, N., Merlo, E. and Gregori, D. (2014), The Burden of Inappropriate Emergency Department Pediatric Visits: Why Italy Needs an Urgent Reform. Health Services Research, 49: 1290–1305. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.12161
- Issue published online: 23 JUL 2014
- Article first published online: 5 FEB 2014
- pediatric emergency department;
- health expenditure;
To better understand the issue of inappropriate pediatric Emergency Department (ED) visits in Italy, including the impact of the last National Health System reform.
A retrospective cohort study was conducted with five health care providers in the Veneto region (Italy) in a 2-year period (2010–2011). ED visits were considered “inappropriate” by evaluating both nursing triage and resource utilization, as addressed by the Italian Ministry of Health in 2007. Factors associated with inappropriate ED visits were identified. The cost of each visit was calculated.
In total, 134,358 ED visits with 455,650 performed procedures were recorded in the 2-year period; of these, 76,680 (57.1 percent) were considered inappropriate ED visits. Patients likely to make inappropriate ED visits were younger, female, visiting the ED during night or holiday, when the primary care provider (PCP) is not available.
The National Health System reform aims to improve efficiency, effectiveness, and costs by opening PCP offices 24 hours a day and 7 days a week. This study highlights the need for a deep reorganization of the Italian Primary Care System not only providing a larger time availability but also treating the parents' lack of education on children's health.