Best friends forever?: High school best friendships and the transition to college

Authors


  • The authors thank Cheryl Kelly and Kate Leider for assistance with data collection and entry. Thanks also to Graham Allan and several anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on a previous draft of this paper. This research was supported in part by a postdoctoral fellowship to the first author from the National Institutes of Health, training grant number MH 14257-20 to the Quantitative Division of the Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

  •  Correspondence should be addressed to Debra L. Oswald, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 603 E. Daniel Street, MC-716, Champaign, IL 61820; e-mail: doswald@s.psych.uiuc.edu

Abstract

The transition from high school to college is an important phase for adolescents in social as well as academic aspects. This study examined the changes that occur in high school best friendships during the first year of college. Results revealed that during the first year in college high school best friendships declined in satisfaction, commitment, rewards, and investments. During this period there was also an increase in costs and alternatives to best friend relationships. Proximity did not influence the friendships; however, level of communication did moderate friendship deterioration. Furthermore, individuals who continued their best friendship reported engaging in more maintenance behaviors of positivity, supportiveness, self-disclosure, and interaction than individuals who reported a change in the relationship to close or casual friendship. Maintaining the best friendship also appeared to buffer adolescents from social loneliness. The results are discussed in terms of the implications of transitions on adolescent friendships.

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