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Institutionalizing Peace: Power Sharing and Post-Civil War Conflict Management

Authors

  • Caroline Hartzell,

  • Matthew Hoddie


Caroline Hartzell is Associate Professor of Political Science, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, PA 17325 (chartzel@gettysburg.edu). Matthew Hoddie is Assistant Professor of Political Science, Texas A&M University, 2010 Bush Academic West, 4348 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-4348 (mshoddie@polisci.tamu.edu).

Abstract

This article examines how power-sharing institutions might best be designed to stabilize the transition to enduring peace among former adversaries following the negotiated settlement of civil wars. We identify four different forms of power sharing based on whether the intent of the policy is to share or divide power among rivals along its political, territorial, military, or economic dimension. Employing the statistical methodology of survival analysis to examine the 38 civil wars resolved via the process of negotiations between 1945 and 1998, we find that the more dimensions of power sharing among former combatants specified in a peace agreement the higher is the likelihood that peace will endure. We suggest that this relationship obtains because of the unique capacity of power-sharing institutions to foster a sense of security among former enemies and encourage conditions conducive to a self-enforcing peace.

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