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Intergroup Prejudice in Multiethnic Settings

Authors


J. Eric Oliver is Associate Professor of Political Science, University of Chicago, 5828 South University Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (eoliver@uchicago.edu). Janelle Wong is Assistant Professor of Political Science and Program in American Studies and Ethnicity, University of Southern California, VKC 327, MC 0044 Los Angeles, CA 90089 (janellew@rcf-fs.usc.edu).

Abstract

This article examines how out-group perceptions among Asian Americans, blacks, Latinos, and whites vary with the racial composition of their surroundings. Previous research on the contextual determinants of racial attitudes offers mixed expectations: some studies indicate that larger percentages of proximate out-groups generate intergroup conflict and hostility while others suggest that such environments promote interracial contact and understanding. As most of this research has been directed at black-white relations, the applicability of these theories to a multiethnic context remains unclear. Using data that merge the 1992–1994 Multi-City Study of Urban Inequality and 1990 Census, we find that in neighborhood contexts, interethnic propinquity corresponds with lower levels of out-group prejudice and competition, although intergroup hostility is higher in metropolitan areas with greater minority populations. Further tests suggest that these results do not occur from individual self-selection; rather ethnic spatial and social isolation bolster negative out-group perceptions. These findings suggest the value of residential integration for alleviating ethnic antagonism.

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