Get access

A Generative Ontological Unity of Heart-Mind and Nature in the Four Books


  • Chung-Ying Cheng

    Corresponding author
    1. Remin University of China, P. R. China
    2. University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii
    • CHUNG-YING CHENG, Professor, School of Philosophy, Renmin University of China; Professor, Department of Philosophy, University of Hawaii at Manoa. Specialties: Confucianism and Neo-Confucianism, hermeneutics/onto-hermeneutics, philosophy of language. E-mail:

    Search for more papers by this author


Traditional scholarship seems not to pay sufficient attention to the fact that Daxue 《大學》 has established a system of ethical and political philosophy on the basis of the idea of xin 心 (heart-mind) whereas the Zhongyong 《中庸》 has argued for the participation of the human person in the creativities of heaven and earth based on the onto-generative nature (xing 性) of the human person. How to explain this fact and interrelate and integrate these two systems become both a historical challenge and a theoretical issue in the understanding of the Confucian philosophy of humanity as we find in the Lunyu 《論語》.